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Level: intermediate

Mitigators are the opposite of intensifiers. When we want to make an adjective less strong we use these words: fairly, rather, quite

By the end of the day, we were rather tired.
The film wasn't great, but it was quite exciting.

and in informal English: pretty

We had a pretty good time at the party.

Be careful!

Level: advanced


When we use quite with a normal adjective, it makes the adjective less strong:

The food was quite bad.
(= The food was bad but not very bad.)

My nephew is quite clever.
(= My nephew is clever but not very clever.)

But when we use quite with a strong adjective, it means the same as absolutely:

The food was quite awful.
(= The food was absolutely awful.)

As a child he was quite brilliant.
(= As a child he was absolutely brilliant.)

Level: intermediate

Mitigators with comparatives

We use these words and phrases as mitigators:

a bit
just a bit
a little
a little bit
just a little bit


She's a bit younger than I am.
It takes two hours on the train but it is a little bit longer by road.
This one is rather bigger.

We use slightly and rather as mitigators with comparative adjectives in front of a noun:

This is a slightly more expensive model than that.
This is a rather bigger one than that.

Mitigators 1


Mitigators 2



Dear all
At first I want to thank you for your useful site . as we well know English is the most useful language in the word and I try to learn it. anyway ,I have problem in adjective + ing form . for instance , easy going person . actually , I want you to explain about it! Where , when , why you use it . please teach me!!
Best regards

Hello tata!

Don't worry! + ing and + ed adjectives work exactly the same as normal adjectives. You just need to be careful about the meaning - I am bored means I am feeling bored, but I am boring means YOU feel bored by me. You can find more information on our page about + ed and + ing adjectives, and you can practice them here.

Hope that helps!

Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

I learn a lot. tha

little bit difficult but it makes you deep thinker.

Thanks a lot for the great site,
However, I can't view the excercises properly any more! What's the problem?

Hello Waad,
Sorry to hear about this problem. Do you see any error message or just a blank space? Are you currently trying to view the exercise from within Syria? What web browser are you using?
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi i don't know how to talk daily activities with others

Brilliant lesson for people like me who wanted to learned good English......
Thank you Learning Team and more power

Hi folks!
Is anybody wants to improve English with me? Then, join me!

Hi Zema,
it's great idea to cooperate together to get more info.