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Personal pronouns

Level: beginner

We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend.
It is raining.
She is on holiday.
We live in England.
They come
from London.

Be careful!

English clauses always have a subject.

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

The imperative, which is used for orders, invitations and requests, is an exception:

Stop!
Go away.
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again, please.

If there is no other subject, we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

We use object pronouns as the object of a verb:

Can you help me, please?
I can see you.
She doesn't like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn't see us.

and after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I'll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don't take it from us.
I'll speak to them.

Subject and object pronouns 1

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Subject and object pronouns 2

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he, she and they

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman, we use they/them:

This is Jack. He's my brother. I don't think you have met him.
This is Angela. She's my sister. Have you met her before?
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

he, she and they 1

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he, she and they 2

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you and they

We use you to talk about people in general, including the speaker and the hearer:

You can buy this book everywhere. = This book is on sale everywhere.
You can't park here. = Parking is not allowed here.

We use they/them to talk about institutions and organisations:

They serve good food here. (they = the restaurant)
Ask them for a cheaper ticket. (them = the airline)

especially the government and the authorities:

They don't let you smoke in here. 
They are going to increase taxes.
They are building a new motorway. 
They say it’s going to rain tomorrow.

you and they 1

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you and they 2

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it

We use it to talk about ourselves:

  • on the telephone:

Hello. It's George.

  • when other people cannot see us:

It's me. It's Mary. (Mary is knocking on the door.)

We also use it to talk about other people:

  • when we point people out for the first time:

Look. It's Paul McCartney.
Who's that? I think it's John's brother.

  • when we cannot see someone and we ask them for their name:

Hello. Who is it? (someone answering the phone)
Who is it? (someone about to answer the door)

it

MultipleChoice_MTkxMTI

 

Comments

Hello,
I have a question:
Is "How do you get to Oxford from London?" a correct sentence?

Hi He999,

Yes :) It is correct.

Best wishes,

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello team,
Which sentence is correct?
e.g, She made me feels angry.
or
e.g She made me feel angry..
Should I put 's' to the verbs after subject pronouns even are 'me' and 'your'?
Thanks a lot.

Hello Via,

The second version is correct. After 'make somebody' we use the base form of the verb:

She made me go home.

They made us wait.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello! can we get English certificate (Diploma) when we Complete our British English course?

Hello Amine Mohamadou

For most of our courses on FutureLearn, it is possible to get a certificate if you pay an upgrade fee. I believe there may be some kind of certificate for completing myClass Online courses, but I will have to check on that -- I'll respond to this message once I have an answer for you.

LearnEnglish Select, the other course on our site, does not issue a certificate as far as I know, and there is no certificate for work on pages such as this one -- as they are not really part of a course and are entirely self-access.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

It is very nice exercise, we can practices our study.

Thanks for sharing!!

Thank you!

Hello Mr Kirk,
In the example below. Can I say? : She doesn't tell me instead of She didn't tell me.
A: What time is Bianca's flight arriving?
B: I don't know. She didn't tell me .

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