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Possessives: adjectives

Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective
I me my 
you you your
he him his
she her her
it it its
we us our
they them their

We use possessive adjectives:

  • to show something belongs to somebody:

That's our house.
My car is very old.

  • for relations and friends:

My mother is a doctor.
How old is your sister?

  • for parts of the body:

He's broken his arm.
She's washing her hair.
I need to clean my teeth.

Possessives: adjectives


Be careful!

The possessive adjective its does not have an apostrophe ('):

That bird has broken its (NOT it's) wing.

(it's always means it is or it has.)

its or it's?



Hello Hammad Ahmed Shah,

You could use 'his' in this case if it is a male dog and particularly if it is one that you know or feel some kind of affection for.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi !

is this an example of possessive adjective? "the baby´s ill."

Hello mgfielrocha,

No, the 's in the baby's ill is a contraction. A contraction is a shorter form of one or two words. In this case, 's is a contraction of is, so the sentence without a contraction would be the baby is ill.

By the way, there is a useful list of the most common contractions in English in the Cambridge Dictionary.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello. Kindly, when you have a possessive adjective with a list of objects it possesses, do you attend the possessive adjective with only the first object it possesses in the list; or kindly, do you attend it with each object it possesses in the list, e.g. Kindly, those are my brown, my black and my white wallets or Kindly, those are my brown, black and white wallets? Kindly, please advise. Thank you. - Matthew

Hello Matthewandannmarie,

The possessive adjective does not need to be repeated. Normally we would therefore say:

These are my brown, black and white wallets.

If for some reason it was important to emphasise that each is 'my' and not, for example, 'her' wallet then you might repeat the possessive adjective, but this would be unusual.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello! Could you tell me diference between "our" and "ours" )))

Hello khatalieva,

'Our' is an example of a possessive adjective. We use 'our' when it is followed by a noun:

Whose is this book?

It's our book.

'Ours' is an example of a possessive pronoun. We use 'ours' when no noun is included:

Whose is this book?

It's ours.

You can read more about these forms in this section of our site.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, dear teachers. Could you help me to realize the next sentence?
The brightness of the snow made him blink.

Hello Restomix,

The meaning here is that the snow was so bright that he had to blink his eyes. Similar sentences would be:

The temperature was so low that it made me shiver.

It was such a sad film that it made me cry.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

is it correct to use "their" in this sentence:
"The person couldn't find their car" as we don't know the gender of the person?