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Possessives: nouns

Level: beginner

We add 's to singular nouns to show possession:

We are having a party at John's house.
Michael drove his friend's car.

We add ' to plural nouns ending in -s:

This is my parents' house.
Those are ladies' shoes.

But we use 's with irregular plural nouns:

men women children people

These are men's shoes.
Children's clothes are very expensive.

We can use a possessive instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John's car?
     No, it's Mary's. (NOT No, it's Mary's [car].)

Whose coat is this?
     It's my wife's.
 (NOT It's my wife's [coat].)

Possessives: nouns 1


Possessives: nouns 2




it's  correct , cause you mean in the sentence that the feast is of your plural friends but the feast is only one ,, means it's correct (y)

I don't understand what is the meaning of below sentence?
We are having a party at John’s house.

Hello meheee2008uiu,

The sentence tells us that a party has been arranged at John's house.  The sentence may refer to the present (the party is in progress at the time of speaking) or the future (it is arranged for a time in the future), depending on the context.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

hi ,I got a sentence in Grammar reference, as below:
Jogging is good for your health but smoking is bad for you.
would you help me understanding why we just say: smoking is bad for you.
would I say: smoking is bad for yours.  
 or , smoking is bad for your health.

Hi jeany,

"smoking is bad for your health" is also correct. Prepositions are followed by nouns, and so it's also possible to say "for you" (you is a pronoun, standing in place of a noun). "for you" is less precise than "for your health", but is often used to mean the same thing.

"smoking is bad for yours" is very unusual. yours is a possessive pronoun, and so although it is grammatically correct in this sentence (since prepositions can be followed by pronouns), it's unusual because it seems to imply that smoking is bad for only one person's health, when in fact it's bad for anyone's health.

I hope this helps.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team


it is too easy... but needed.


This part is confusing

Hi, why is there a possessive beside the word "sister" in the next phrase?
My sister's got two young children.
Thanks !

Hi MayelaM,
I'm not sure I've understand the question!  There is a possessive pronoun ('My') in the sentence because otherwise we would not know whose sister she is.  There is an apostrophe 's' there because the verb 'is' has been contracted: "sister's" = 'sister is".
I hope that clarifies it for you.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team