Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me  my mine
you you your yours
he him  his his
she her  her hers
it it its -
we us  our ours
they them  their theirs

 

Be careful!

Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe:

Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs?
(NOT Is that car your's/her's/our's/their's?)

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John's car?
     No, it's mine.
 (NOT No, it's [my car].)

Whose coat is this?
     Is it yours? (NOT Is it [your coat]?)

Her coat is grey.
     Mine is brown. (NOT [My coat] is brown.)

 

Possessives: pronouns 1

GapFillTyping_MTYxNTc

Level: intermediate

We can use possessive pronouns and nouns after of. We can say:

Susan is one of my friends. > Susan is a friend of mine.
(NOT Susan is a friend of me.)

I am one of Susan's friends. > I am a friend of Susan's.
(NOT I am a friend of Susan.)

Possessives: pronouns 2

GapFillTyping_MTYxNTg

 

Comments

However, when the 'Stark' refers to a family, we can say 'I am a son of the Starks', am I right?

Hello Wang Zijijan,

If the word is plural (Starks) then you would use the plural possessive form:

I am a son of the Starks'

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks!

Hi,
Please i always have problem using: It is, It's, Its and Its'
Can you clarify me on this with examples.
Thanks

Hello iphie,

'It is' and 'it's' mean the same thing. The 's in 'it's' is a contracted form of the verb 'is'. We often use contracted forms in speaking and informal writing.

'Its' is a possessive form. If we're talking about a house, for example, we could say 'its roof is red'. Here 'its roof' is another way of saying 'the house's roof'.

'Its'' is not spelt correctly in standard English.

I hope that helps you.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

why I am a friend of Susan's.
but not
I am a friend of Susan ?
and why we have to add the 's after Susan so that sentence could be corrected?
could you answer for me?
thanks in advance!!

Hello poinsettia.noel,

It is strange, isn't it? I'm afraid this is just what is correct. If I knew of a way to explain it better, I would tell you, but I'm afraid I don't!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

but it is right, right?

Hello poinsettia.noel,

Yes, it is right to say "...a friend of Susan's". You can also say "...a friend of Susan" but this is becoming increasingly unusual

This is an example of how common use can sometimes go against a particular grammar pattern, creating a form which is logically 'incorrect'. The rules of language are ultimately descriptive, not prescriptive. In other words, grammar describes language as it is used, not as someone would like it to be used. When a form becomes standard use it is the correct form, even if it is odd, inconsistent with other forms or illogical.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, A king took sonu's bag and gave him his own bag. Now I think here 'his own bag' refers to The king's own bag doesn't it ? and is it necessary to put 'own' in this sentence ?

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