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Possessives: pronouns

Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me  my mine
you you your yours
he him  his his
she her  her hers
it it its -
we us  our ours
they them  their theirs


Be careful!

Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe:

Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs?
(NOT Is that car your's/her's/our's/their's?)

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John's car?
     No, it's mine.
 (NOT No, it's [my car].)

Whose coat is this?
     Is it yours? (NOT Is it [your coat]?)

Her coat is grey.
     Mine is brown. (NOT [My coat] is brown.)


Possessives: pronouns 1


Level: intermediate

We can use possessive pronouns and nouns after of. We can say:

Susan is one of my friends. > Susan is a friend of mine.
(NOT Susan is a friend of me.)

I am one of Susan's friends. > I am a friend of Susan's.
(NOT I am a friend of Susan.)

Possessives: pronouns 2




Hello Yuriy,

Both 'my' and 'our' are possible even if the child who is speaking has no brothers or sisters. It is enough that the family contains more than just the speaker for 'our' to be possible. After all, the family 'belongs' to the mother and father as much as the child or children. There is no need for any earlier explanation as a family by definition cannot be just one person. Thus, it would be perfectly fine to say this:

Our family is small - just my mother and myself - but we always meet and have Christmas dinner together.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sorry, while referring to "my" and "our" I mistakenly defined them as "possessive pronouns". Actually, they must be referred to as possessive determiners or possessive adjectives.

Can we say "I'm a son of Stark" or do we have to say "I’m a son of Stark’s”? Thanks!

Hello Wang Zijian,

I understand that 'Stark' refers to one person, not to a family. As the page states, we use the 's form after of and so the correct form is I'm a son of Stark's.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

However, when the 'Stark' refers to a family, we can say 'I am a son of the Starks', am I right?

Hello Wang Zijijan,

If the word is plural (Starks) then you would use the plural possessive form:

I am a son of the Starks'


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


Please i always have problem using: It is, It's, Its and Its'
Can you clarify me on this with examples.

Hello iphie,

'It is' and 'it's' mean the same thing. The 's in 'it's' is a contracted form of the verb 'is'. We often use contracted forms in speaking and informal writing.

'Its' is a possessive form. If we're talking about a house, for example, we could say 'its roof is red'. Here 'its roof' is another way of saying 'the house's roof'.

'Its'' is not spelt correctly in standard English.

I hope that helps you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

why I am a friend of Susan's.
but not
I am a friend of Susan ?
and why we have to add the 's after Susan so that sentence could be corrected?
could you answer for me?
thanks in advance!!