Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me  my mine
you you your yours
he him  his his
she her  her hers
it it its -
we us  our ours
they them  their theirs


Be careful!

Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe:

Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs?
(NOT Is that car your's/her's/our's/their's?)

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John's car?
     No, it's mine.
 (NOT No, it's [my car].)

Whose coat is this?
     Is it yours? (NOT Is it [your coat]?)

Her coat is grey.
     Mine is brown. (NOT [My coat] is brown.)


Possessives: pronouns 1


Level: intermediate

We can use possessive pronouns and nouns after of. We can say:

Susan is one of my friends. > Susan is a friend of mine.
(NOT Susan is a friend of me.)

I am one of Susan's friends. > I am a friend of Susan's.
(NOT I am a friend of Susan.)

Possessives: pronouns 2




I have a question, is it correct to use "they" in this situation
-- mark: are they your pens?
-- me: yes, they are mine.
and please explain to me why we cant use "it" instead. even when the pens are inanimate.

Hi moh505ammed,

For plural forms we use 'they' for both animate and inanimate items. Therefore 'they' is correct here and 'it' is not as it would be used for 'pen' (singular) not 'pens' (plural). You could also use 'these' or 'those' in this sentence.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

what I am confused is
what is wrong with saying ( I am a friend of susan )

Hello abdallaboss,

In modern English it is acceptable to say this. Both forms are in common use:

I am a friend of Susan.


I am a friend of Susan's.


This is an example of the language changing over time, as all languages do, and something which was one seen as incorrect becoming standard use.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, in the above example [ I am a friend of Susan's and I am a friend of Susan that's incorrect ]. But in general we say I am a friend of Susan. friend of Susan's sounds weird.

Hello The_Unknown,

Traditionally, of Susan's was the correct form and it is still the most common. However, in modern English this is changing and of Susan is becoming more common. This is actually quite consistent with other similar forms such as 'an inhabitant of London', 'a man of the people', 'a citizen of the UK' and so on. I don't think either of the alternatives sounds weird, however, but this is a subjective question in any case.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Dear sir,
"I and John went to a coffee bar" and "John and me went to a coffee bar"
Please give me a light and which one is true? Please..
with best,

Hello Phyo Wai Maung,

I think the best option here is 'John and I' as subject pronouns are needed. We would not say 'I and John'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

This exercise is quite helpful, i could fine my mistake and improve from it . i made 100%

Can we answer like this: "of his, of hers, of theirs ..." in the above questions.