Level: beginner

The present continuous is made from the present tense of the verb be and the –ing form of a verb:

I am working
You are playing
He is talking
She is living
It is eating
We are staying
They are sleeping

We use the present continuous to talk about:

  • activities at the moment of speaking:

I'm just leaving work. I'll be home in an hour.
Please be quiet. The children are sleeping.

Present continuous 1

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Present continuous 2

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  • future plans or arrangements:

Mary is going to a new school next term.
What are you doing next week?

Present continuous 3

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Present continuous 4

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Present continuous questions

We make questions by putting am, is or are in front of the subject:

Are you listening?
Are they coming to your party?
When is she going home?
What am I doing here?

Present continuous questions 1

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Present continuous questions 2

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Present continuous negatives

We make negatives by putting not (or n't) after am, is or are:

I'm not doing that.
You aren't listening.
(or You're not listening.)
They aren't coming to the party. (or They're not coming to the party.)
She isn't going home until Monday. (or She's not going home until Monday.)

Present continuous negatives 1

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Present continuous negatives 2

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Stative verbs

We do not normally use the continuous with stative verbs. Stative verbs include:

  • verbs of thinking and feeling:
believe
dislike
know
like
love
hate
prefer
realise
recognise
remember
suppose
think
(= believe)
understand
want
wish

 
  • verbs of the senses:
appear
feel
look
seem
smell
sound
taste
 
  • others:
agree
be
belong
disagree
need
owe
own
possess

We normally use the simple instead:

I understand you. (NOT I am understanding you.)
This cake tastes wonderful. (NOT This cake is tasting wonderful.)

Level: intermediate

We also use the present continuous to talk about:

  • something which is happening before and after a specific time:

At eight o'clock we are usually having breakfast.
When I get home the children are doing their homework.

  • something which we think is temporary:

Michael is at university. He's studying history.
I'm working in London for the next two weeks.

  • something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:

These days most people are using email instead of writing letters.
What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays?
What sort of music are they listening to?

  • something which is changing, growing or developing:

The children are growing up quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.

  • something which happens again and again:

It's always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
George is great. He's always laughing.

Note that we normally use always with this use.
 

Present continuous 5

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Level: advanced

We can use the present continuous to talk about the past when we are:

  • telling a story:

The other day I'm just walking down the street when suddenly this man comes up to me and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he's carrying a big stick and he looks a bit dangerous, so I'm wondering what to do …

  • summarising a book, film or play:

Harry Potter is a pupil at Hogwarts school. One day when he is playing Quidditch he sees a strange object in the sky. He wonders what is happening

Basic level

Comments

Hello Lucifer7,

I would say 'I have found the answer in the comments section'.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I like spending time and learning english here .
I like spending time and learn english here .
Which of these sentences is correct? Plz reply soon

Hello asdraditya,

The first sentence is correct.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Both Present simple and present continuous are used for future arranged event. How do we choose when to use either of them for future actions?

Hello Tanya,

The present simple is used for future events which are part of a regular or fixed schedule. Typically these are events or activities which are part of a timetable, such as class times, train times etc.

The present continuous is used for future events which have been arranged and agreed. Typically these are events or activities which two or more people have decided together.

For more information on talking about the future in English see here.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

What is the correct answer below question.

Q. I am starting to __ my mind.

a. lost
b. loose
c. lose
d. loss
e. losing

Hello manthan228,

I'm afraid we don't answer questions like this from tests of homework outside of the site. Perhaps one of our other users will help you, however.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

lose

Hi Gentlemen, thank you so much for this brief guide, it has been very helpful to me , I would like to clarify a doubt that arose me, are both correct "he is always laughing" and "he laughs all the time", do they mean the same?
Thank you in advance,
cheers :)

Hi EtWsth8790.

Both mean that laughing is a common action for the person, but the first one may indicate that the speaker finds it irritating, while the second is more neutral. It's hard to say without knowing the context, however.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglsh Team

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