Level: beginner

The present continuous is made from the present tense of the verb be and the –ing form of a verb:

I am working
You are playing
He is talking
She is living
It is eating
We are staying
They are sleeping

We use the present continuous to talk about:

  • activities at the moment of speaking:

I'm just leaving work. I'll be home in an hour.
Please be quiet. The children are sleeping.

Present continuous 1

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Present continuous 2

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  • future plans or arrangements:

Mary is going to a new school next term.
What are you doing next week?

Present continuous 3

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Present continuous 4

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Present continuous questions

We make questions by putting am, is or are in front of the subject:

Are you listening?
Are they coming to your party?
When is she going home?
What am I doing here?

Present continuous questions 1

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Present continuous questions 2

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Present continuous negatives

We make negatives by putting not (or n't) after am, is or are:

I'm not doing that.
You aren't listening.
(or You're not listening.)
They aren't coming to the party. (or They're not coming to the party.)
She isn't going home until Monday. (or She's not going home until Monday.)

Present continuous negatives 1

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Present continuous negatives 2

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Stative verbs

We do not normally use the continuous with stative verbs. Stative verbs include:

  • verbs of thinking and feeling:
believe
dislike
know
like
love
hate
prefer
realise
recognise
remember
suppose
think
(= believe)
understand
want
wish

 
  • verbs of the senses:
appear
feel
look
seem
smell
sound
taste
 
  • others:
agree
be
belong
disagree
need
owe
own
possess

We normally use the simple instead:

I understand you. (NOT I am understanding you.)
This cake tastes wonderful. (NOT This cake is tasting wonderful.)

Level: intermediate

We also use the present continuous to talk about:

  • something which is happening before and after a specific time:

At eight o'clock we are usually having breakfast.
When I get home the children are doing their homework.

  • something which we think is temporary:

Michael is at university. He's studying history.
I'm working in London for the next two weeks.

  • something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:

These days most people are using email instead of writing letters.
What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays?
What sort of music are they listening to?

  • something which is changing, growing or developing:

The children are growing up quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.

  • something which happens again and again:

It's always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
George is great. He's always laughing.

Note that we normally use always with this use.
 

Present continuous 5

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Level: advanced

We can use the present continuous to talk about the past when we are:

  • telling a story:

The other day I'm just walking down the street when suddenly this man comes up to me and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he's carrying a big stick and he looks a bit dangerous, so I'm wondering what to do …

  • summarising a book, film or play:

Harry Potter is a pupil at Hogwarts school. One day when he is playing Quidditch he sees a strange object in the sky. He wonders what is happening

Basic level

Comments

Hi leejineui,

You are absolutely right when you say that the present continuous can be used to talk about the future. More specifically, it is used to speak about future plans or arrangements. There is more on this on our talking about the future page, but also please know that speaking about the future takes a lot of practice.

I't sounds like "will appear" is the correct form in the sentence you mention. This is because as far as I can tell without knowing the full context, you don't plan for the figures to appear in the report - you already know this and so are simply giving information about the future, i.e. that the figures will appear in the report. Therefore, the correct form is will.

I don't agree with your friend when they speak about the figures changing by themselves. Perhaps I haven't understood the context well enough, but that doesn't sound right to me.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Kirk.
Then, if i mention the specific time in the sentence, can I use " are appearing" ?
e.g ) We confirmed that the following figure are appearing TOMORROW in the report
Since the specific time can imply the arrangements. I think it makes sense. Is it correct ? 
if it is correct, why I cannot use "soon" ?   Is "soon" too ambiguous to refer the agrranged plan ? 
 
 

Hello leejineui,

That sentence is fine.  I'm not sure why you think you cannot use 'soon' in this context.  As Kirk says, the present continuous is used for arranged futures but this does not mean 'soon' is not possible.  The speaker may know very precisely when something is due to happen but choose to say 'soon' because that is all that is needed, for example, or he may be repeating a guarantee that he has been given.

As Kirk also says, the context is crucial with future forms.  Very often several forms are possible and we can choose which we wish to use, depending on what we are most interested in or choose to emphasise.  It is rarely a black-and-white choice of wrong vs right forms.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter,
Kirk answered that "you don't plan for the figures to appear in the report - you already know this and so are simply giving information about the future, i.e. that the figures will appear in the report. Therefore, the correct form is will."

So I asked him again. Since I wanted this sentence to imply "arrangement" 
What I wanted to say is the reported figure already was changed so it will be shown soon.
this means the amended report will release near future ===> it never will be changed ===> confirmed fact

so I thought present continues could be used as future (arrangement meaning) but Kirk didn't mention why I cannot use present continues with arrangement meaning in my sentence. I was able to understand plan explanation but wanted to listen more about arrangement meaning. Why this is cannot be considered as future (arrangement).

That is the reason, I have to think about the sentence again and I assumed that we confirmed that the following figure are appearing soon in the report  cannot be used as arrangement meaning. ( if it can be used with arrangement meaning Kirk definitely told me  "are appearing" also fine)

so I have to find why this sentence cannot be considered as future (arrangement.)
To make arrangement meaning clear I added "tomorrow" (mentioned precise time)  and asked again.  and wonder if there was a problem with "soon" but the main point was that why that sentence cannot be used as  future (arrangement meaning) not soon can be implying arrangement future.
Please answer again.

Hello again leejineui,

I think the first and most important point to remember is that when we are dealing with future forms in English there are usually several possible forms for any given situation and the speaker is able to choose between these depending on how they see the action and what they want to emphasise.  Without knowing the details of this particular context it is difficult for us to be too categorical in our answers.  Kirk did not say that the sentence cannot be used as a future arragement, simply that the context as described made 'will' seem more likely.

The difference between the two options we have here is based on context and emphasis, as I said.

The figures will be in the report tomorrow.

The figures are appearing in the report tomorrow.

Both of these are correct sentences and, as far as I can tell from what you have said, both are possible sentences in the context you describe.  When to use one and when to use the other is something the speaker decides:

will appear - as Kirk says, this would be appropriate when you are talking about a certain future event, when you are making a promise, or when you are guessing about the future, for example.

are appearing - this would be appropriate, for example, if a decision has been taken before and you are informing the listener of this, or if the publication of the figures had been decided some time ago and this was simply the completion of that decision/arrangement.

As you can see, the choice here is much more complex that right or wrong.  I hope my answer helps to clarify it for you.

 

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much Peter and Kirk 
Now it is very clear for me to understand. :)  
Finally I got the answer and also thank you for your advice Peter!  next time if i have some other questions I will try to explain the whole contents and situation  as munch as I can 
Thank you again !!   

If u plz tell me questions and negatives in present continuous
 

Hello Amal.mahmoud,

To form the negative we add 'not' after the auxiiliary (am, are or is):

I'm watching a film    >    I'm not watching a film

He's sleeping    >    He's not sleeping

To form questions we invert the order of the subject and the auxiliary:

I'm watching a film    >    Am I watching a film?

He's sleeping    >    Is he sleeping?

You can find more information on question forms here.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, I did this exercise from http://www.cambridgeenglish.org
the question was "Anyone ... after the start of the play is not allowed in until the interval."
I got the correct answer "arriving", but somehow I did't know how to explain why this is the answer to the question.
Could you please show me which part of the English Grammar should I learn, thanks.

Hi granttod,

Anyone arriving is a participle clause, which is explained on our Participle clauses page (look in the With the Present Participle section). Essentially, anyone arriving acts like the relative clause anyone who arrives would act if the sentence were written that way.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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