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Present tense

Level: intermediate

There are two tenses in English: past and present.

The present tense is used to talk about the present and to talk about the future.

There are four present tense forms:

Present simple I work
Present continuous I am working
Present perfect I have worked
Present perfect continuous I have been working

We can use all these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

London is the capital of Britain.
He works at McDonald’s.
He is working at McDonald's.
He has worked there for three months now.
He has been working there for three months now.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 17.00.
I'll phone you when I get home.
He is meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I'll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

Present tense 1
Present tense 2

Level: advanced

We can use present forms to talk about the past:

  • when we are telling a story:

Well, it's a lovely day and I'm just walking down the street when I see this funny guy walking towards me. Obviously he's been drinking, because he's moving from side to side …

  • when we are summarising something we have read, heard or seen:

I love Ian Rankin's novels. He writes about this detective called Rebus. Rebus lives in Edinburgh and he's a brilliant detective, but he's always getting into trouble. In one book, he gets suspended and they tell him to stop working on this case. But he takes no notice …

Present tense 3
Present tense 4


thank you Adam for clearing my confusion

this is a good site that helps us to understand little diffrences that are very important .

i didn't get the question no 3 right because  the answer is past tence.  But my answer is future tence.  If that is past tence, then the sentence should be ( So I said to him, What's your game son)  please clear my confution

Hi Sul,
The answer to number 3 is past time, not past tense. In English, we can use the present tense to talk about  present, future or past time. In Number 3, the speaker is talking about past time using the present tense.
I know it's confusing, but I hope that helps!
The LearnEnglish Team

very usefull site