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Proper nouns

Proper nouns

Level: beginner

Names of people, places and organisations are called proper nouns. We spell proper nouns with a capital letter:

Muhammad Ali Birmingham China Oxford University the United Nations

We use capital letters for festivals:

Christmas Deepavali Easter Ramadan Thanksgiving

We use capital letters for people's titles:

I was talking to Doctor Wilson recently.
Everything depends on President Obama.

When we give the names of books, films, plays and paintings, we use capital letters for the nouns, adjectives and verbs in the name:

I have been reading The Old Man and the Sea.
Beatrix Potter wrote
The Tale of Peter Rabbit.
You can see the
Mona Lisa in the Louvre.

Level: intermediate

Sometimes we use a person's name to refer to something they have created:

Recently a Van Gogh was sold for 15 million dollars.
We were listening to Mozart.
I'm reading an Agatha Christie.

Proper nouns



what is difference between noun run and gerund running

Hello Sourav Bhatia,

A 'run' is discrete in a way that 'running' is not. For example, many people who run for exercise 'go on a run' several times a week. 'a run' is usually a specific amount of time or a specific route they take.

'running', on the other hand, is the activity of running in general. For example, if we speak about different kinds of exercise someone likes, we'd say 'running'.

Hope this helps.

All the best,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello I want to know this
What type of noun is this...a box of chocolates- collective or compound- common noun
Separately box is common noun/ collective?

Hi Samin,

It's a collective noun! And box by itself is a common noun.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I also want to know library is it collective noun by itself or a common noun?

Hi Samin,

It's a common noun too. :)


The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks it's helpful

Hi, Learn English Team,
I wonder why there is no comment section under the Noun Phrases page. I believe there are lots of English learner who have questions on that subject. I wanted to ask a question about a sentence on your page but I haven't done it.

Best wishes,

Hi knowman,

I'm not sure why the page didn't have a comments section. I've added one now so you can post your question.



The LearnEnglish Team

This is helpful. Thanks.