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Verbs followed by the '-ing' form

Level: beginner

Common verbs followed by the -ing form are:

  • verbs of liking and disliking:

detest dislike enjoy fancy hate like love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.

  • phrases with mind:

wouldn't mind (= would like)
don't mind (= I am willing to)
would you mind (= will you please …?)

I wouldn't mind having some fish and chips.
I don't mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

  • verbs of saying and thinking:

admit consider deny imagine remember suggest

Our leader suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

  • others:

avoid begin finish keep miss practise risk start stop

I haven't finished writing this letter.
Let's practise speaking English.

Verb + -ing form 1


Verb + -ing form 2


verb + noun + -ing form

Some verbs are followed by a noun and the -ing form:

  • verbs of the senses
see hear listen to smell watch etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.

  • others:
catch find imagine leave prevent stop

I caught someone trying to break in to my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.

Verb + noun + -ing form 1


Verb + noun + -ing form 2


Infinitive or -ing form?


Many of the verbs above are sometimes followed by a passive form of -ing (being + past participle):

I don't like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.


Hello sir.
I have watched an English lesson on the you tube channel recently which has been about using to+infinitive and ~ing form of the verbs. Its said that we can't use personal objective pronouns or to+infinitive after verbs, suggest, recommend. But in a text book, I have studied like given below.
I wouldn't recommend anybody to stay at this hotel.
..........recommend anybody/(him).............. stay..........
So I'm confused with them. Hence could you please explain to me about mentioned above sentence?
Can we use, to + infinitive and personal objective pronouns, After verbs, suggest, recommend, advise and allow.

Hello Mr. Black,

'recommend' can indeed be used with a personal objective pronoun + to+infinitive after it, but this use is more uncommon than 'recommend' + pronoun + base form. If you compare dictionary entries - for example Cambridge and Oxford - you'll find the form you ask about in the latter but not in the former.

Every verb is different. Unless I'm forgetting some use, 'suggest' is not used with a to+infinitive, but 'advise' and 'allow' can be, though with 'suggest' the base form is more common.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir.
I think, we can make sentence which is in passive voice like mentioned below.
Eg: I don't mind being kept waiting for me.
But I'm not able to get any ideas about the particular sentence.
If you don't mind could you please explain to me about the sentence why we use, kept, in the sentence?
And can I make a sentence like mentioned below?
I don't mind being waited for me.
When we make a passive voice sentence under this rule (I mean, I don't mind being kept waiting for me) can we make passive voice in all tenses?(In 8 tenses)
Thank you so much.

Hello Mr. Black,

I'm afraid I don't understand what your main sentence means. When you say 'I don't mind being kept waiting for me', the last part ('for me') confuses me. If I transform your sentence into the active voice, it would be something like 'I don't mind that they keep me waiting for me', which doesn't make sense to me, either. How can you wait for yourself? Could you please explain?

As for your other question, the passive voice can be used in all tenses.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir
I have seen a sentence in a English text book and I have been confused with it.
It is mentioned below,
When I am on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.
In this particular sentence, enjoy should be followed by a gerund hence gerund, having, is being used here.
But can I make the sentence like given below?
When i am on holiday, I enjoy not getting up early.
So could you please explain to me why use the HAVING in this sentence?

Hello Mr. Black,

Yes, your sentence is also correct. The first sentence has 'enjoy' followed by 'having to', which is the -ing form of 'have to'. The two sentences mean something very similar; the one from the textbook includes the idea that you're obligated to get up early, whereas your sentence just mentions the idea of getting up early (without the sense of obligation).

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir
Could you please explain to me mentioned below sentence which one grammatically correct is?
I like watching football.
I like to watch football.
I like watching playing football.
I like to watch playing football.
I like watching someone playing football.
I like someone to watch play football.
I like someone to watch playing football.
The verb, like, is followed by the ing form. If verb, like, could be followed by to +infinitive how can be possible?Because
Like + ing form
Like + to + infinitive.

Hello Mr. Black,

'Like' can be followed by both 'to + infinitive' and 'verb-ing'. In some contexts there is no difference, but sometimes the meaning is not quite identical. You can read more about this (and about other verbs which behave in a similar way) on this page.

As far as your sentences go, I can summarise as follows:

I like watching football.     correct

I like to watch football.     correct

I like watching someone playing football.     correct

The other sentences are incorrect. Note that 'watch' has an object and the object can be 'football' or it can be 'someone playing football' - it does not matter if we are saying 'like to watch' or 'like watching'.

You can also say 'I like to watch someone playing football'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi all. Please explain to me why is better to say " Checking and taking a risk are enough to be happy." than " Check an take a risk are enough to be happy." Thanks in advance .

Hello Mim,

The -ing form of verbs can be used in several ways. One important use is to make a verb into a noun, which is the case here: 'Checking' and 'taking a risk' are both noun phrases. The bare infinitive form aren't used as nouns, which is why the sentence you propose is not correct.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team