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Verbs followed by the '-ing' form


Level: beginner

Common verbs followed by the -ing form are:

  • verbs of liking and disliking:

detest dislike enjoy fancy hate like love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.

  • phrases with mind:

wouldn't mind (= would like)
don't mind (= I am willing to)
would you mind (= will you please …?)

I wouldn't mind having some fish and chips.
I don't mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

  • verbs of saying and thinking:

admit consider deny imagine remember suggest

Our leader suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

  • others:

avoid begin finish keep miss practise risk start stop

I haven't finished writing this letter.
Let's practise speaking English.

Verb + -ing form 1


Verb + -ing form 2


verb + noun + -ing form

Some verbs are followed by a noun and the -ing form:

  • verbs of the senses
see hear listen to smell watch etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.

  • others:
catch find imagine leave prevent stop

I caught someone trying to break in to my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.

Verb + noun + -ing form 1


Verb + noun + -ing form 2


Infinitive or -ing form?


Many of the verbs above are sometimes followed by a passive form of -ing (being + past participle):

I don't like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.


I have a question about the parallel structure.
For example,you have two options, consulting your staff or being a dictator. Are " consulting your staff" and "being a dictator" parallel?
I could not find a more appropriate section to ask my question.
Thank you for your time,

Hello ashazimzadeh,

Yes. Parallel structures are simply structures with the same pattern, and here you have an -ing form followed by a noun phrase.

You can read more about parallel strutures on this wikipedia page:



The LearnEnglish Team

Can I say I like drinking or to drink a cup of coffee now. I have a headache
What's the difference between ving and to inf with like and perfer

My question isn't 100% related to the topic of this section but I haven't found a more appropriate section to ask it. I came across a few sentences with the following structure: Noun/adjective + to + gerund. Here are some examples:
1. California is on its way to developing robust laws governing the sale of cannabis and cannabis products.
2. The primary obstacle to obtaining CBD from mature cannabis stalks is that it is illegal under Federal law to grow cannabis.
3. I’ve put together a list of materials that I think are vital to understanding the law on hemp-derived CBD.
4. Asking questions is the first step to ensuring the products you are receiving are legal.
I scoured the internet to find some grammar explanation regarding this structure but haven't found something useful. Can you please clarify this grammatical structure and when it should be used?

Many thanks!

Hi Or Yahalom,

In all of these cases, 'to' is followed by a noun phrase. For example, you can be 'on your way to failure', there can be an 'obstacle to success', an action can be 'vital to good health', etc. When we want a verb form to follow a preposition (like 'to'), we use the gerund form of the verb. This is why there are gerunds after all of these phrases.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much Kirk!
Is it an efficient way to learn when "to", specifically, is functioning as a preposition and not as an infinitive marker? I know that there are lists of verbs that are followed by the preposition "to" (confess to, committed to, addicted to, etc.). Are there similar lists of nouns/adjectives (like in my examples) that are followed by the preposition "to" (and therefore taking the gerund)?
Many thanks,

Hi again Or,

Yes, I would recommend trying to remember when 'to' is a preposition and when it is part of the infinitive, as of course the verb form that comes after will be different in each case -- a gerund in the first, and an infinitive in the second.

When my students ask me whether they should study lists such as these, I encourage them to try learning one and then to observe whether it seems to help them remember the adjectives and their complements (i.e. the prepositions that follow them). Some people learn them well this way, but others don't so much. I'd encourage you to conduct the same experiment.

There is a short list of adjectives and prepositions on our Adjectives & Prepositions page and I found another page that has a longer list in the Free Dictionary. I'm sure you can find others if you do an internet search.

Hope this helps you!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Can i use-ing clauses after vanish when used as a noun
Example:as the vanishing of reading was only getting worse we had to do something


Yes, that is grammatically correct. Whether it is the best way to express the idea is a different question, of course. Vanish suggests something disappearing suddenly and without warning, which does not seem likely with reading skills, which might be more likely to deteriorate or fade over time.



The LearnEnglish Team