Level: beginner

this and these

We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:

  • to talk about people or things near us:

This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?

  • to introduce people:

This is Janet.
These are my friends John and Michael.

Be careful!

We say, This is John and this is Michael. (NOT These are John and Michael.)

  • to begin a conversation on the phone:

Hello, this is David. Can I speak to Sally?

that and those

We use that (singular) and those (plural) as pronouns to talk about things that are not near us:

What's that?
Those are very expensive shoes.
This is our house, and that's Rebecca's house over there.



We also use that to reply to something someone has said:

'Shall we go to the cinema?'  'Yes, that’s a good idea.'
'I've got a new job.'  'That's great.'
'I'm very tired.'  'Why is that?'

Replies with that's 1


Replies with that's 2


With nouns

We can also use this, these, that and those with nouns. We use this and these for people or things near us:

We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?

and that and those for people or things that are not near us:

Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?

Demonstratives with nouns




Do these scores relate to anything or are they just there for the lulz?

Speaking personally I do everything for the lulz! Seriously, though, I think you're talking about the score that appears at the end of doing an activity. Is that right? They are just ways for users to see how well they've done on one activity as compared to another.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

I see. Thanks for your answer. =)

Hii! I would need someone to learn english :)
Best Regards!

Hi , I'm from Vietnamese ! I speak English not very well ...Can you help me about speak english ? 
Thanks a lot .

is very hard ,but i hope

Hi . . I am very glad to see this website. . I can understand English but my problem is that I do not speak in front of other people. . I am very confident about my local languages. . I just want to speak fluent English . .I know this is practice game. .
I hope you could help me for the same. .
Thanks in advance. 
" The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step "

Hi, I am a new member here, just want to check is there a chat room available here? Which I think it definitely help everyone here to improve our english.

hi, My dear! I am new too, just want to say welcome to you and hope you like it! I am from Brazil and hope to make friends here!

This is so interesting. i need to improve in my English