1. Some verbs have two objects –an indirect object and a direct object:

Subject Verb Indirect object Direct object
My wife sent me an email
He brought his mother some flowers
He cooked all his friends a delicious meal

These clauses have the structure: V + N (indirect object) + N (direct object)

2. We can use a prepositional phrase with to or for with an indirect object:


Subject Verb Direct object Prepositional phrase
My wife sent an email to me
He brought some flowers for his mother
He cooked a delicious meal for all his friends.

These clauses have the structure : V + N (direct object) + Prepositional phrase (indirect object)

3. Common verbs with for and an indirect object are:

  • book
  • buy
  • get
  • cook
  • keep
  • bring
  • make
  • pour
  • save
  • find

They booked a table for me at the restaurant.
We made toys for all the children.

4. Common verbs with to and an indirect object are:

  • give
  • lend
  • offer
  • pass
  • post
  • read
  • sell
  • send
  • show
  • promise
  • tell

He gave his programme to the man sitting next to him.
They sent Christmas cards to all their customers.

5. If the indirect object is a long phrase we normally use to or for:

He showed his ticket to the policeman standing by the door.
We kept something to eat and drink for all the people who arrived late.

6. If the indirect object is a pronoun we normally use the N + V + N + N pattern:

I poured him another drink.
Their mother read them another story.





could you please clarify this confusion concerning the subject/ verb agreement when noun and pronoun subjects are followed by prepositional phrase (some of/ half of/ none of/more of / all of)
so which sentence is correct?
None of my friends speak German.
None of my friends speaks German.

can you please integrate a lesson about this on your website? because its the only website I trust as a source of learning English.

Hello Imenouaer,

Our quantifiers page deals with this topic in some detail. There are different patterns depending on the specific determiner or quantifier that you use. If you have any other specific questions after reading through that page, please feel free to ask us in the Comments section on that page.

Traditionally, a verb after 'none of' + noun was always singular, but in informal contexts nowadays, a plural verb is also commonly used. If you're writing or speaking should be more formal, then I'd recommend using a singular verb -- otherwise, plural would probably be best.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

None of your friends = none of them = no one
When it is followed by a mass noun, the verb takes a singular form.
None of the wine was drunk
none of you are
none of your friends are
None of the printers are working.
None of the printers is working.

None of you are guilty.
None of you is guilty.

Hello mohammad51,

I'm not sure what your question is here but if you are wondering about when to use a singular and when to use a plural noun then please take a look at Kirk's reply to Imenouaer below (here is a link).


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

What is the answer? Please help.

If anyone calls me, tell them I ... to the airport.
A. go
B. have gone
C. have been
D. was going

Hello vannak,

I'm afraid we don't provide answers for questions from elsewhere. It's not our role to do people's homework or tests for them!


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Good Evening,
While studying the double object topic,
He gave his programme to the man sitting next to him.
(in this sentence [to the man]is direct object, so which part is indirect object.)

They sent Christmas cards to all their customers.
(in this sentence [to all their customers] is direct object which part is indirect object.]

Hello asr09,

'to the man' and 'to all their customers' are not direct objects. They are prepositional phrases acting as indirect objects. The direct objects of these two sentences are 'his programme' and 'Christmas cards' respectively.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
I did the exercises given above. It is very useful and I answered well.
But I have a question regarding the tpoic.
When using to/for is there any rule other than the the types of verbs we use when using
to/for such as: when we are talking about direction we use 'to' and 'for' when we talk about location. FOR eg They flew for London not to London; She was late for school not to school.; Is this the train for London? Not to London but I went to school by tran.Not for school.
Would you please explain the reason or any rule for this difference.
Thank you.

Hello Andrew international,

Prepositions are used highly irregularly in English. As far as I know there is no general rule or set of rules that will help you know which is correct in each situation. In my variety of English, at least, and I think in general, you could say both 'to' or 'for' to fly to London, but 'to' is much more common. You could also use 'for' or 'to' for school, but 'for' is more common. The same is true for the train.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team