Level: beginner

English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.)
I'm waiting for my wife.She is late. (NOT Is late.)

... except for the imperative:

Go away.
Play it again, please.


If there is no other subject, we use there to talk about:

  • where or when something is:

There's an interesting book on the shelf.
There'll be an eclipse of the moon tonight.

  • a number or amount:

There is plenty of bread left.
There were twenty people at the meeting.

  • something existing or happening:

There's a small problem.
There was a nasty fight.


We use it to talk about:

  • times and dates:              

It's nearly one o'clock.
It's my birthday.

  • the weather:

It's raining.
It's a lovely day.
It was getting cold.

We use it with the verb be and an –ing form or to-infinitive to express opinions:

It's great living here.
It's nice to meet you.

Subjects of sentences


it and there as dummy subjects 1


it and there as dummy subjects 2



thank you a lot of  for your your need.

I am very glad to thank British council for providing online learning English program to improve language.



hi its khurram its great to learn online english thanks to british council for it

Lovely site!! Thank you British Council

It is to learn here a lot to develop the own english practice. Great. I am glad to thank for the concept of these portal then it is rarely good. There are not much elearning conceptes or DVDS for languages of the quality like that.

this is a very useful site. There is a lot to learn on it. Thank you for having allowed me to join it.

This site is really interesting. It helped me to improve my grammer. thank you BC (:

Thanks so much British council for providing online learning English program to us. I want  this site help always.

I like it!Ilike to improve my English using tis site :-) Good job!