Some verbs are followed by either a noun or an adjective:

She was a good friend. =  N + V + N
She was very happy. =  N + V + Adj.
He became headmaster. =  N + V + N
He became angry. =  N + V + Adj.


These verbs are called link verbs. Common verbs like this are:

  • be
  • become
  • appear
  • feel
  • look
  • remain
  • seem
  • sound

She seemed an intelligent woman.
She seemed intelligent.
He looked hungry.
He looked a good player.

After appear and seem we often use to be:

She appeared to be an intelligent woman.
He seemed to be angry.

Some link verbs are followed by an adjective. Common verbs like this are:

  • get
  • go
  • grow
  • taste
  • smell

He got hungry in the evening.
She grew stronger every day.


 

Exercise

Comments

Sorry Kirk
i don't know how to ask you about my problem.. :( What is 'be' in these examples is it verb or etc ? or in which sentences we use 'be'
'Be' and 'been' are auxilary verbs how we use them ? and where we use be,been and being in sentences and their difference.
sorry for disturb you
THANKS

Hello salma khan,

'Be' can be a normal verb which functions just like other verbs, or it can be an auxiliary verb which helps to make different tenses (past, present), aspects (perfect, continuous) and voices (passive).

You can find a summary of the verb 'be' here, including examples.

'Be' (the infinitive), 'been' (the past participle) and 'being' (the ing-form) are three forms of the verb, but these are forms which every verb has:

be / look / eat / see - infinitives

been / looked / eaten / seen - past participles

being / looking / eating / seeing - ing-forms

 

In your sentences, as Kirk said, 'be' is often used because of other words:

I have no desire to be rich.

'desire' is followed by to + infinitive; 'be' is a full verb here

I desire to go / They don't desire to see you


I want to be a doctor.

'want' is followed by to + infinitive; 'be' is a full verb here

I want to talk to her / You want to be rich


I will be there at 8'0 clock.

'will' is followed by the bare infinitive; 'be' is a full verb here

I will talk to them / She will arrive at 6.00


Don't be stupid.

'Be' here is an example of an imperative form in the negative; 'be' is a full verb here

Be careful! / Don't do that!

In other words, in these sentences there is nothing special about 'be'; it is simply acting as a normal verb.  It is the other parts of the sentence that decide the form of the verb.

I hope that helps to clarify it.

Thank you Peter M
for your detailed explanation that carify me

is interest linking very if yes does is take to or ing ?

Hello AbdulMohsin,

I'm not sure that I understand your question. Could you please ask it again in another way? On the following pages, there are lists of verbs that are followed by to + infinitives and -ing forms.

Please also change your photo to a different one.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello
I meant meant when interest is used as a verb is it a linking verb or action verb.
Interest will be followed by to or ing form ?

Hi AbdulMohsin,

Thanks for changing your picture. interest is not a linking verb, and needs an object after it. For example, one could say, "Superheroes interest me" or "Film interests them". As far as I know, it is not normally followed by any kind of verb form. If you want to express that doing something interests you, then that thing should be the subject of the verb interest (e.g. "Sailing in the North Sea interests me").

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

She grew stronger every day.

shouldn't it be "She was growing stronger every day." as we are talking about something that is changing/improving/developing and happens again and again?

Hello arkadsq,

You could certainly say that, but 'grew' is no less correct. The two forms imply a different perspective on the event. The use of the past simple suggests that this change is seen more as a discrete, finished period of time, whereas the past continuous suggests the ongoing, changing nature of the change.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hi
can you explian "it had to be different" with clear

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