Some verbs are two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases). They consist of a verb and a particle:

  • grow + up
    >> The children are growing up.

Often this gives the verb a new meaning:

  • take + after
    >> She takes after her mother
    = She looks like her mother, or She behaves like her mother.
  • count + on
    >> I know I can count on you
    = I know I can trust you, or I know I can believe you.

Some transitive two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases) have only one pattern:

N (subject) + V + p + N (object)

[Note: N = noun; V = verb; p = particle]

N (Subject)  Verb Particle  N (Object)
She
I
My father
takes
can count
comes
after
on
from
her mother
you
Madrid


Some transitive two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases) are phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs have two different patterns:

• The usual pattern is: N + V + N + p

 

N (Subject) Verb (N) Object Particle
She
He
We
gave
knocked
will be leaving
the money
the glass
our friends and neighbours
back
over
behind

 
• But sometimes these verbs have the pattern: N (subject) + V + p + N (object)

 

N (Subject) Verb Particle N (Object)
She
He
We
gave
knocked
will be leaving
back
over
behind
the money
the glass
our friends and neighbours

When the object is a personal pronoun,these verbs always have the pattern:

N + V +N + p:

  • She gave back it
    >> She gave it back
  • He knocked over it
     >> knocked it over
  • We will be leaving behind them
    >> We will be leaving them behind

• Phrasal verbs are nearly always made up of a transitive verb and a particle. Common verbs with their most frequent particles are:

bring: about, along, back, forward, in, off, out, round, up
buy: out, up
call: off, up
carry: off, out
cut: back, down, off, out, up
give: away, back, off
hand: back, down, in, on out, over, round
knock: down, out, over
leave: behind, out
let: down, in, off, out
pass: down, over, round
point: out
push: about, around, over
put: across, away, down, forward, off, on, out, through, together, up
read: out
set: apart, aside, back, down
shut: away, in, off, out
take: apart, away, back, down, in, on, up, over
think: over, through, up
   





 

 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hi. Could you please help me?
Is "come round" equal "come together"?
For example: My grandfather's birthday was a good occasion for the family to come (round-together).
Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

I think there are some differences.

 

Come together means to meet in one group or to form a cohesive unit (which could mean to stop arguing or to make peace with each other).

 

Come round has several meanings. It can mean to visit (come round to my house) or to agree after some initial disagreement (at first they didn't like the idea, but they came round to it).

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

So, I think that you mean that "come together" and "come round" in the above sentence are correct, don't you?
Thanks

Hello Ahmed Imam,

That depends on what you want to say. I imagine you mean that the situation helped to unify the family and end arguments between people. In that case, come together is the correct option.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Could you please help me?
After the harvest, Some fruit and vegetables are given (away - out) to the poor.
Is only one correct or both of them? Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

Both are possible, but their meanings are different.

Give away means to give to people without asking for anything (such as money) in return.

Give out means to distribute. It does not tell us if the items in question were given away or sold.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Good morning!

I came across the following sentence which sounds odd to me because of the combination of "tell about":

He does not know whom to tell about the accident.

However, I think that the sentence is grammatically correct (whom = object). What do you think of this sentence?

Thank you for this wonderful website!

Hello magnus,

You're right – this sentence is grammatically correct. At the same time, I can see how it sounds odd to you. The reason for this is probably that the object of 'tell' has been moved into the relative clause.

In other words, normally, 'tell' has a person as an object (e.g. 'he told his sister about the accident'). In this case, the object of 'tell' is 'whom'. Since 'whom' comes before 'tell', it can sound a bit strange, but it is correct!

I hope this helps you understand it.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much sir for always helping me with my English grammar questions.

Hi, sir. I'd like to know which one of these two sentences is correct?

1. We are eating dinner at the table. OR

2. We are eating dinnner on the table.

Thanks in advance.

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