A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.

Exercise

Comments

Sir,
In the sentence below, Arsenal has the point of 1 or 0? what does 'to Arsenal' mean? for example, Arsenal is mentioned here as 'the opponent' or 'the host'? could you please explain for me? thanks.

1. At half-time in the game, the score is 1-0 to Arsenal.

Hello sword_yao

It means that Arsenal are winning, i.e. in this kind of report, 'to' followed by a team's name means that the team mentioned are winning.

In this kind of sentence, it's not clear which team is the away team and which is the home. In written reports (e.g. in newspapers), the home team's score goes first and then the away team's score second. I'm not sure who the other team are here, but, for example, if it were Liverpool and the game was in Liverpool, then in writing it would be Liverpool 0 Arsenal 1 (not 'Arsenal 1 Liverpool 0', which would indicate the match was played in London).

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir,
Many thanks to you, and I'm glad to learn more about English culture.

Hello,
Can we use two prepositions one after another like "in and at" in the following sentence?
Explain the situation that Bill found himself in at the airport?
Thanks
Naghma

Hello naghmairam,

That sentence is perfectly correct. 'In' is a particle belonging to the phrasal verb 'find yourself in'.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
Could you please clarify which preposition is correct in this sentence please? "his leather is made of / from leather? i don't understand the different between made of and made from. thank you.

Hello Widescreen,

'made of' is usually used to refer to the particular material that something is made of, e.g. 'This table is made of wood'. 'made from' usually indicates a more radical transformation of the material, e.g. 'Paper is made from trees'. If you had a bag and the material of the bag was leather, it would be more appropriate to say 'My bag is made of leather'.

I hope this helps.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk, thank you for your reply. You used "made of" for the bag int he example but does the rule apply for clothes (i.e. jacket) as well ? I ve read in one of the dictionary and they say for clothes we use" made from" for example the jacket is made from leather. Is this correct please ?

Hello Widescreen,

Generally, we use made of when the material has not been changed:

The table is made of wood.

My sweater is made of wool.

 

We use made from when the material has been changed by mixing it with other materials or treating it by some industrial or chemical process:

Paper is made from wood.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi again

which one is correct?

1.on FIFA world cup
2.in FIFA world cup
3.at FIFA world cup

or any other events like World cup e.g. The US Open (Tennis)

and is there any different if we mention the year? , at/in/ on FIFA World Cup 2018,

Thanks in advance

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