With "that"

We can use clauses with that:

• after verbs of thinking:

  • think
  • believe
  • expect
  • decide
  • hope
  • know
  • understand
  • suppose
  • guess
  • imagine
  • feel
  • remember
  • forget

I hope that you will enjoy your holiday.
She didn’t really think that it would happen.
I knew that I had seen her somewhere before.

• after verbs of saying:

  • say
  • admit
  • argue
  • reply
  • agree
  • claim
  • deny
  • mention
  • answer
  • complain
  • explain
  • promise
  • suggest

They admitted that they had made a mistake.
She argued that they should invest more in the business.
The children complained that they had nothing to do.

Note: tell and some other verbs of saying almost always have an indirect object (see clauses, sentences and phrases). There are also some fixed expressions with tell such as tell the truth, tell a lie, tell a story, tell it like it is.

  • tell
  • convince
  • persuade
  • inform
  • remind

We tried to tell them that they should stop what they were doing.
The police informed everybody that the danger was over.

• as postmodifiers after nouns to do with thinking or saying:

  • advice
  • belief
  • claim
  • feeling
  • argument
  • hope
  • promise
  • report
  • guess
  • opinion
  • idea

He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.
I had a funny feeling that something was wrong.

• after some nouns to say more about the noun:

  • fact
  • advantage
  • effect
  • possibility
  • chance
  • danger
  • evidence
  • problem
  • difficulty

She pointed out the danger that they might be left behind.
There was a chance that we would succeed

Note: We often use a that clause to define one of these nouns after the verb be :

  • danger
  • problem
  • chance
  • possibility
  • fact

The danger is that we will be left behind.
The fact is that it is getting very late.

• after some adjectives which describe feelings to give a reason for our feelings:

  • pleased
  • sorry
  • happy
  • unhappy
  • sad
  • excited
  • glad
  • disappointed
  • afraid

I am sorry that you can’t come.
Everybody was pleased that the danger was past.
It is lucky that you were able to drive us home.

No "that"

 NOTE: We can always use a clause without the word that:

They admitted [that] they had made a mistake.
The police informed everybody [that] the danger was over.
I am sorry [that] you can’t come.
There was chance [that] we would succeed.



Hello rosario70,

Only the first of those is correct. The gerund cannot be used in this context.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter ,as i don't know well in which context i can use the gerund, i was wondering if you could suggest the rule , whether there's one or not.

thank you early.


Hi rosario70,

If you are talking about something which is your fault, or your responsibility, then you can use the gerund as follows:

I'm sorry for (my) being late.

She was sorry for (her) arguing with her father.

However, we would not use it in a context when you are not to blame.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

'I hope that you will enjoy your holiday'
Is hope a transitive or intransitive? This will let me know whether the that clause in the sentence is an object or an adverbial modifying the verb.

Hi! i get confused when i use or read participle,adjective clause and relative pronoun.

* There are some serious issues related to him that need to be talked about.

How can we convert above mentioned sentence('that need to be talked about' part) into simple sentence using

* You speaking eating food is not good.
Above mentioned sentence is right or wrong?

* Infinitive is a form of verb expressing verbal notion.
In this sentence, the word 'expressing' referred to what?

* I dont want to risk him loosing his job.
I dont get this sentence,what does it mean?

* Time management is another major factor that plays a crucial role.
In the above sentence 'that' referred to what?

* There are many women in palatial homes who would gladly exchange all their luxuries.
* The bitterest disappointment that comes to people who had made fortunes is their wealth.

how to convert this sentence into simple sentence using participle?

These are my queries.

Hi neha_sri,

There are a lot of questions here and it's hard for us to deal with so many questions! We get a large number of questions every day from our users and time simply does not allow us to spend so long on any one question. I've answered your first two questions below and given you a link to a page dealing with the topic where you can get more information. Please try to keep your questions succinct, however, and then we'll be able to answer them in full.

In your first example we would use an -ing form, though 'talk about' here is less likely than 'discuss':

There are some serious issues related to him that need to be discussed.

There are some serious issues related to him that need discussing.

Your second sentence is incorrect. First because we would not use 'speak' in this way (we would rather use 'say'), and second because it does not make sense even with the verb changed. 'You saying...' means more or less 'The fact that you said...' and so if we want to make a judgement about it then it needs to contain something questionable or controversial, such as an opinion, and 'eating food' is neither. We could say something like:

You saying eating food in the evening is unhealthy is not good.

The meaning here would be 'I don't approve of the fact that you said that eating food in the evening is unhealthy.' In these kinds of sentence we can use 'You saying...' or 'Your saying...', with no change in meaning.

You can find more information on participle clauses on this page.

I hope that helps to clarify the topic for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Sir I want to improve my English ,& I am a student I want to know and what is the main difference between the gerund and infinite verbs.

Hello hariom soni,

When a verb is followed by another verb, often the second verb goes in the -ing or infinitive form, but the form of the verb doesn't really have anything to do with the meaning. In other words, the verb want is followed by an infinitive not because the infinitive means something different from the -ing form, but rather because that's the way the verb want is used in English. This is explained on our Verbs followed by ‘ing’ or by ‘to + infinitive’ 1 page.

There are some verbs that can be followed by both the -ing and the infinitive form, and there is a difference in meaning between the two forms - this is explained on our Verbs followed by ‘ing’ or by ‘to + infinitive’ 2 page.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! I have a doubt about verb "to note". Can it be used without being followed by "that"?

For example: Note this site will be deleted. Would it be correct?

Thanks in advance.

Hi AliG,

If you look up note in the dictionary (see the search box on the right) - be sure to click on the verb entry - you'll see that when it's used the way you have used it, note is followed by that.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team