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Level: beginner

this and these

We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:

  • to talk about people or things near us:

This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?

  • to introduce people:

This is Janet.
These are my friends John and Michael.

Be careful!

We say, This is John and this is Michael. (NOT These are John and Michael.)

  • to begin a conversation on the phone:

Hello, this is David. Can I speak to Sally?

that and those

We use that (singular) and those (plural) as pronouns to talk about things that are not near us:

What's that?
Those are very expensive shoes.
This is our house, and that's Rebecca's house over there.



We also use that to reply to something someone has said:

'Shall we go to the cinema?'  'Yes, that’s a good idea.'
'I've got a new job.'  'That's great.'
'I'm very tired.'  'Why is that?'

Replies with that's 1


Replies with that's 2


With nouns

We can also use this, these, that and those with nouns. We use this and these for people or things near us:

We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?

and that and those for people or things that are not near us:

Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?

Demonstratives with nouns




O my d just 79 % -I gone be better  then now and I need to repeat those exercises ,

I Got 100%.

Good exercise.  

  • May I know what is whose means this is a compound word or not. Could anybody ​.

Hi ,
Whose is not a compound word it's not who +is or something . Whose is a question word used to ask about ownership . for example: whose car is this ? = who owns this car ?  
In the exercise Whose is (this) silver Mercedes over there?=who owns this Silver Mercedes over there?
Hope this help

Very Good English Learning Program by British Council.
Specially for those people who would like to improve their English skills during their work hours cant spare their time or any other problems.

why today can't play exercise?

We had some problems with the exercises yesterday - they should work now.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team


I have got 100% , it's a good beginning with British council;