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Irregular verbs

Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hello sir,
He keeps the table clean.
Is the verb "keep" is transitive or intransitive?
I'm reading a book that suggesting its a intransitive verb.Can you explain the fact please?

Hello Md.Habibullah,

'keep' is used both transitively and intransitively. You can find detailed definitions and explanations in the dictionary (follow the link). Note that [T] means it is used transitively and [I] means it is used intransitively.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello All,
I am a little bit confused about the verb "to get". In your list of irregular verbs (above) you show the only form of verb "to get", that is "get, got and got" that correspond to "base form, past tense and past participle" respectively. I would like to know if the past participle "gotten" is no longer used.
Thank you,

Hello edias1504,

'Gotten' is used in some dialects of English, primarily US English. It is not used in British English. As I am from the UK I don't use 'gotten' and I wouldn't like to comment on the particular use in the US of the form (how informal it is, whether it is primarily spoken or also used in written English etc.). I'm sure you can find this information online, however.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

It is a good exercise to improve the different rules of irregular verbs but there isn't every irregular verbs

Hello teacher, are the verbs "pay" and "burn" regular verbs or irregular verbs? Thanks.

Hello Tinnam,

'Pay' is in the list of irregular verbs above.

'Burn' is a regular verb, though it can have an irregular past participle: burn - burned/burnt - burned/burnt.

You can check whether a verb is regular or irregular in any online dictionary, such as this one.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you for your help!

Hello teacher, this English learning platform is brilliant. I learn everyday and it's been 2 weeks, but, I have a problem. There is no one beside me who can correct my mistakes while speaking and writing in English. Could you please help me?
May I post here some of my writings?
Thank you

Hello Saakshee,

I'm very glad to hear that you find LearnEnglish useful! You are very welcome to post your writings here, but I'm afraid we don't provide the service of correcting users' writing. Other users might respond to you, though, so please do share them if you'd like to. We can also answer a specific question of yours from time to time.

I'm not sure if this is possible for you or not, but I'm sure that if you took a class at a British Council Centre in India, your teacher could give the kind of feedback you're looking for.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team