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Irregular verbs

Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



what is past participle ?

Hello neh7272,

The past participle is also known as the 'third form'. For example, in the sentence 'I have seen the Lotus Temple', the verb is 'have seen' (present perfect); the past participle is 'seen'. Past participles can also be used in other ways.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Sir,
I am looking of uses of Moreover, Furthermore and In addition . I have searched on this wesite with the help of the search button but didn't get the appropriate result.

Hello sanjay.singh,

As far as I know, we don't have a page that specifically addresses this topic. In any case, I'd suggest looking them up in the Cambridge Dictionary, where you can find not only definitions, but example sentences. And if you're interested in improving your academic writing, I'd suggest taking a look at our Writing for a Purpose section.

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sanjay,

What kind of writing do you need to do? I'd suggest you focus on a particular writing style to begin, e.g. business writing, academic writing, letter writing, fiction. Think about the kind of writing you need or want to do.

Then I'd suggest you follow the advice on improving your writing on our Frequently asked questions page and to look for models that are appropriate to the kind of writing you want to do.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Is scheduling of these verbs considered a grammar?

Hello A2L6M,

Putting the verbs into groups is a way to help you remember the forms.

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi friends,
these verb are not complete and please give me list full . well I should say that my grammar is extremely bad . i hope settle my trouble . because I will achievement successful in ielts

Hello sh.vo,

This is a list of the most common irregular verbs. I don't know if there is a comprehensive list somewhere on the internet – you can search by doing an internet search for 'English irregular verbs' – but even if there is, your time would probably be better spent learning the most common ones. If you're preparing especially for the IELTS, I'd recommend you check our IELTS section and especially TakeIELTS.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

These exercises are very useful