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Present tense

Level: intermediate

There are two tenses in English: past and present.

The present tense is used to talk about the present and to talk about the future.

There are four present tense forms:

Present simple I work
Present continuous I am working
Present perfect I have worked
Present perfect continuous I have been working

We can use all these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

London is the capital of Britain.
He works at McDonald’s.
He is working at McDonald's.
He has worked there for three months now.
He has been working there for three months now.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 17.00.
I'll phone you when I get home.
He is meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I'll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

Present tense 1
Present tense 2

Level: advanced

We can use present forms to talk about the past:

  • when we are telling a story:

Well, it's a lovely day and I'm just walking down the street when I see this funny guy walking towards me. Obviously he's been drinking, because he's moving from side to side …

  • when we are summarising something we have read, heard or seen:

I love Ian Rankin's novels. He writes about this detective called Rebus. Rebus lives in Edinburgh and he's a brilliant detective, but he's always getting into trouble. In one book, he gets suspended and they tell him to stop working on this case. But he takes no notice …

Present tense 3
Present tense 4


Hello chhaya,
Both the present simple and the present perfect are grammatically correct here.
The present perfect emphasises that the action took place before another action (note the use of the word 'after' to show this).
Here is a similar example:
> After I give him the money, you can arrest him.
> After I have given him the money, you can arrest him.
Both sentences are correct, but the second emphasises that the first action (giving) comes before the second (arresting).
The LearnEnglish Team

Which of the following best fits?
Don't worry,English grammar is not...... to understand. difficult
b.too difficult
c.difficult enough
d.very difficult
Sir would you please explain ?

Hello AminulIslam.
The answers all mean something different, so it's difficult to say because I don't know what the speaker intends. But if I had to choose one answer, I suppose I'd choose a, though it's not the only possible answer.
All the best
The LearnEnglish Team

I have been searching the answer, but I'm not 100% sure whether " go in the park" is correct.
I know that 'go' is a verb of movement, so I should say 'go to the park' and also "play in the park" is correct.
But what about 'go in the park'? Is it acceptable? Meaning - " inside the park" not at the edge of it?
I really appreciate your help.
Thank u

Hello Marua
We often use the preposition 'into' to speak about entering an enclosed space, and that is what would be the most natural here: 'go into the park'. Once you are inside the park, then you could play in the park (or 'inside the park'), and before you arrive, you could go to the park.
All the best
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
Please tell me which is correct.
It is me. or It is I.
Thank you.

Hello Lal
There is disagreement about this: some people prefer 'me' and others insist that 'I' is better. I prefer to say 'me', but please note that plenty of other people prefer 'I'.
All the best
The LearnEnglish Team

My relative's book on engineering subject has been published .
I received message from him :

With god's grace, my new book has published on 1st Jan 2019.

Is it correct to say ' my new book has published' ; I would say it should be in passive if we treat book as a subject , but his message is not in passive.

What would you say, sir ?

Hello dipakrgandhi,

A passive form is needed:

'my new book has been published'.



The LearnEnglish Team

I read in news paper that "somone breaks record". I think it should be broke record. Please Answer.