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Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. We often use them to avoid repeating the nouns that they refer to. Pronouns have different forms for the different ways we use them. 

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how pronouns are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Comments

Hi bedour1414,

There is only one way to improve and that is to learn and practise. Do this and you will make progress.

You can find materials for different levels by using the search section on our content page, and you can also use it to find different topics and types of practice. Remember that levels are descriptive and very general approximations. Everyone is on a spectrum and has different strengths. For example, a person may be very accurate and use a wide range of structures when they write but find it very hard to understand when they listen or be very slow and lacking in fluency when they speak. Identifying and working on your weaknesses is important, I think.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I read in practical English usage that we can report questions starting with ( who / which / what ) + be in 2 ways depending on whether they ask for a subject or complement. For example,
Direct : who is the best player
Reported : - he asked who was the best player or who the best player was .
But if I'm asking for a complement I only can use 1 way
Direct : what is the time
Reported : he asked what the time was ( not usually what was the time )

I don't understand what a complement is . I read in some sites and I couldn't still get it . I hope you explain it to me

Hello uchiha itache,

When we report a question we use normal (not question) word order. Thus if the question is 

Who is the best player?

then we report it as follows:

He asked who the best player is / He asked who the best player was

 

It is incorrect to use the word order of the question:

He asked who was the best player [incorrect]

 

Complement is a term used in linguistics. It describes a linguistic unit (a word, phrase or clause) which completes the meaning of an expression. The wikipedia page on complements gives clear definitions and many examples. You can find it here.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello!
What does this sentence mean?
You needn't worry about anything except having a good time .

Is It a good think or a bad thing ?
Should I worry that I won't have a good time or what ? I don't get it at all

Hi uchiha itache,

In most cases this sentence would be used to communicate the idea that the listener can relax. The idea is that there's no need for them to worry about anything and that the only thing that they could possibly worry about is having a good time because everything else is taken care of. Although it literally seems to doubt whether the listener will have fun, in the way we use it, it isn't meant to cast doubt on the idea that the person can have a good time -- it's just a way of saying that everything is taken care of so they can focus on enjoying themselves.

I hope that helps clarify it.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

 

Please help me with these words, occasion and opportunity. I read tips on a lot of dictionaries to distinguish between them but I couldn't cause both of them are translated the same way in my language. And im not talking about the meaning of ( occasion ) generally . it has a lot of definition and just one of them is similar to ( opportunity ), on most dictionaries the definition is : a favourable opportunity or time so what is more accurate ? Time or opportunity ? And are threse sentences correct :

I couldn't have the opportunity to talk to him .
And there was no occasion for talking to him . ( can't I have an occasion ? )
Are both the same ?

Hello uchiha itache,

Generally speaking, in modern English (the use of occasion has changed over time) an opportunity is a chance to do something positive, while an occasion is a particular instance. I might meet someone on a particular occasion (a party or a chance meeting) and that meeting is an opportunity for me to learn something new. However, words are used in particular contexts and structures which may not entirely fit this general definition.

In terms of your context, I think opportunity to talk is the best phrase in both sentences.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Although it's kind of complicated, I think I got it .

Hello.
I'd like to know how we report conditionals. I know that the 3rd conditional stays the same with no change . so what about the zero, 2nd and 1st conditionals?
To make the question clearer , i'll give some if-sentences and please, just report them .
1- he said " if I am tired, I go to sleep "
2 - he said, " if I had money, i'd buy a car "
3- he said " if I won a lottery I would be happy "
4 he said " if I eat chicken I will be happy "

Hello uchiha itache,

Conditional forms are reported in the same way any other forms are reported:

See here for reporting structures.

See here for reporting structures with that, wh- and if-clauses.

Note that there is often a choice with the verb forms, depending on the context and the intended meaning (if the action is still true or is no longer true, for example).

 

Your examples could be reported as follows:

He said (that) if he is tired, he goes to sleep / He said (that) if he was tired, he went to sleep

He said (that) if he had money, he'd buy a car / He said (that) if he had had money, he'd have bought a car

He said (that) if he won the lottery he would be happy / He said (that) if he had won the lottery he would have been happy

He said (that) if he eats chicken he will be happy / He said (that) if he ate chicken he would be happy

 

In each pair, the first sentence tells us that the original speaker's words are still true. The second sentence tells us that the speaker's words were true when he said them but may or may not be true now.

For example, imagine I am reporting the sentence I love you. I can say either of these:

She said she loves me. [she loved me then and she still loves me]

She said she loved me. [she loved me then; there is no information about whether or not she still loves me]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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