# Quantifiers

Level: beginner

We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something: how much or how many.

Sometimes we use a quantifier in the place of a determiner:

Most children start school at the age of five.
We ate some bread and butter.
We saw lots of birds.

## Quantifiers with count and uncount nouns

We can use these quantifiers with both count and uncount nouns:

 all some more a lot of enough no any most lots of less

We have lots of time.
Joe has lots of friends.
I can't go out. I've got no money.
There was a lot of food but no drinks.

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Level: intermediate

These more colloquial forms are also used with both count and uncount nouns:

 plenty of heaps of a load of loads of tons of

We have loads of time.
Joe has plenty of friends.
There was heaps of food.

Level: beginner

## some and any

We do not normally use the quantifier some in negative and interrogative sentences. We normally use any:

Do you have any children?
Did you see any friends?
We don't have any children.
I didn't see any friends.
We saw some lions at the zoo, but we didn't see any tigers.

but we can use some for offers and requests:

Would you like some tea?
I want some apples, please.

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## Quantifiers with count nouns

Some quantifiers can be used only with count nouns:

 (not) many each either (a) few several both neither fewer

These more colloquial forms are used only with count nouns:

 a couple of hundreds of thousands of

I’ll be back in a couple of minutes.
There were hundreds of people at the meeting.

## Quantifiers with uncount nouns

Some quantifiers can be used only with uncount nouns:

 (not) much a bit of a little

Would you like a little wine?
Could I have a bit of butter, please?

These quantifiers are used particularly with abstract nouns such as time, money and trouble:

 a great deal of a good deal of

It will probably cost a great deal of money.
He spent a good deal of time watching television.

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Level: intermediate

## Members of groups

We put a noun directly after a quantifier when we are talking about members of a group in general:

Few snakes are dangerous.
Most children like chocolate.
I never have enough money.

but if we are talking about members of a specific group, we use of the as well:

Few of the snakes in this zoo are dangerous.
Most of the boys at my school play football.
He’s spent all (of) the money that we gave him.
Both (of) the chairs in my office are broken.

Note: with all and both, we don’t need to use of. We can say all the … and both the … .

## both, either and neither

If we are talking about two people or things, we use the quantifiers both, either and neither:

 One supermarket Two supermarkets More than two supermarkets The supermarket was closed. Both the supermarketswere closed. All the supermarkets were closed. The supermarket wasn’t open. Neither of the supermarketswas open. None of the supermarkets were open. I don’t think the supermarket was open. I don’t think either of the supermarketswas open. I don’t think any of the supermarkets were open.

Note that nouns with both have a plural verb but nouns with either and neither have a singular verb.

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## every and each

We use the quantifiers every and each with singular nouns to mean all:

There was a party in every street. (= There were parties in all the streets.)
Every shop was decorated with flowers. (= All the shops were decorated with flowers.)
Each child was given a prize. (= All the children were given a prize.)
There was a prize in each competition. (= There were prizes in all the competitions.)

We often use every to talk about times like days, weeks and years:

When we were children, we had holidays at our grandmother's every year.
When we stayed at my grandmother's house, we went to the beach every day.

We do not use a determiner with every and each:

Every shop was decorated with flowers. (NOT The every shop)
Each child was given a prize. (NOT The each child)

Hello again Ahmed Imam,

Yes, 'a' is not appropriate here.

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I hear that somtimes people ask "Do you have some information?" or "Do you have some information, don't you?" when the speaker is expecting some information to be there. Is this right? Can anyone tell me?

Hello Rafaela1

'Do you have some information?' is correct when we expect that the person we are speaking to has some information.

I'm afraid that 'Do you have some information, don't you?' is not correct, though. It should probably be 'You have some information, don't you?'. You might want to take a look at our Question tags page for an explanation of how this grammar works.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello. Can we use "both" in negative sentences?
Which words can be suitable to complete the following sentence?
Can we use "both", "either" or "any"?
- I haven't seen..........of those films.
Thank you

What about using "any"? Is it correct to say: I haven't seen any of those films.
Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam

Yes, that is grammatically correct, though it would be strange if you were only talking about two films. If it's two films, 'either' is the best form; if it's three or more films, 'any' is the best form.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Ahmed Imam,

The correct form here is 'either'. We generally use 'both' and 'too' in affirmative sentences. We use 'either' in negative sentences like yours. We can also use 'either' in affirmative sentences to mean 'one of the two' (e.g. I can go to either restaurant. It's up to you.)

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello. Could you please explain which one is correct and why?
- They do really good at that restaurant and it's not very expensive too.
- They do really good at that restaurant and it's not very expensive either.
Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

Neither sentence is correct. You need a noun after 'good': good food, good meals etc.

The correct form here would be 'either', not too.

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I'd like to ask you about the usage of "neither...nor..." expression. Do the following sentences sound natural to native speakers or not?

1) I have ever neither met the man nor spoken to him.
(or: I have neither ever met the man nor spoken to him.)
2) I neither have met the man nor have spoken to him.
3) Neither have I met the man, nor have spoken to him.

Best Regards