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Talking about the future

Level: intermediate

When we know about the future, we normally use the present tense.

1. We use the present simple for something scheduled:

We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It's my birthday tomorrow.

2. We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:

I'm playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We're having a party at Christmas.

3. We use will:

  • when we express beliefs about the future:

It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I'm sure you will enjoy the film.

  • to mean want to or be willing to:

I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.

  • to make offers and promises :

I'll see you tomorrow.
We'll send you an email.

  • to talk about offers and promises:

Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.

4. We use be going to:

  • to talk about plans or intentions:

I'm going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.

  • to make predictions based on evidence we can see:

Be careful! You are going to fall(= I can see that you might fall.)
Look at those black clouds. I think it's going to rain(= I can see that it will rain.)

5. We use will be with an -ing form for something happening before and after a specific time in the future:

I'll be working at eight o'clock. Can you come later?
They'll be waiting for you when you arrive.

6. We can use will be with an -ing form instead of the present continuous or be going to when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:

They'll be coming to see us next week.
I'll be driving to work tomorrow.

7. We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expect to talk about the future:

What are you going to do next year? I'd like to go to university.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.

8. We use modals may, might and could when we are not sure about the future:

I might stay at home tonight or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.

9. We can use should if we think there's a good chance of something happening:

We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o'clock.

Talking about the future 1

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Talking about the future 2

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The future in time clauses and if-clauses 

In time clauses with words like when, after, until we often use present tense forms to talk about the future:

I'll come home when I finish work.
You must wait here until your father comes.
They are coming after they have had dinner.

In clauses with if we often use present tense forms to talk about the future:

We won't be able to go out if it is raining.
If Barcelona lose tomorrow, they will be champions.

 

Be careful!
We do not normally use will in time clauses and if-clauses:

I'll come home when I finish work. (NOT will finish work)
We won’t be able to go out if it rains(NOT will rain)

but we can use will if it means want to or be willing to:

I will be very happy if you will come to my party.
We should finish the job early if George will help us.

Comments

Hi,
why can't I say "I'm driving to work today" instead of "I'm going to drive to work today" or what's the difference of these two statements?
"They are moving to Manchester next week" is once they have bought a house and "They are going to move to Manchester next week" is when they have a plan to move there next week. Am I right???
Please clearly tell me the differences between "I'm doing" and "I'm going to do" as it is confusing in some places.
Thank you for your support...

hello
I'm driving to work today
it is present continous sentense (means you are in state of action,driving)
"I'm going to drive to work today"
it is your plane which you are telling to someone before starting, 
if anybody thinks it is wrong please clear me.

No, I think you're right . That's the difference between Present Continous and be going to.

Hi,
In terms of grammar, what's the difference between the following two sentences? To me, they sound the same....
> I will call you when my lesson finishes.
> I will call you when my lesson is finished.
Thanks!

Hello TB01!
 
The meaning is very similar.
 
The grammar difference is that the first sentences uses present simple, while the second sentence uses present simple be verb + an -ed adjective
 
Regards
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Jeremy!
" I'm sorry, Tom, this item is out of stock"..... Is this sentence grammatically incorrect(as I have used a comma after the name, instead of a full stop)? Some of the people I know are saying it is incorrect. I know it's a silly question, but I would like to confirm what I think.(I don't think the sentence is grammatically incorrect.)
Regards
Adiy.

I think there must be a full stop after the name. It seems grammatically better.

Thanks Jeremy,
Tom

hello all ! have a nice day ! sorry to bother you programers ! it's confusing . when we talk about the future , we can use "the present continuous sense " but reason why i can say : " we're having a party tomorrow " but is wrong when say : " i am having a party tomorrow " and it is right when say :" i am staying tomorrow ". what's wrong ?  maybe it has the special cases that i don't know .please help me !  thank you very much .  regards !

Hello louder!
 
I'm not sure this is to do with present continuous tense! Some people might say that using "I" sounds a bit strange in "I am having a party tomorrow", because normally there are a lot of people at a party, but it's certainly not wrong:
A: I'm having a party tomorrow. Do you want to come? 
B: Sure, I'd love to!
 
Who told you it was wrong?
 
Regards
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team
 

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