Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. We often use them to avoid repeating the nouns that they refer to. Pronouns have different forms for the different ways we use them. 

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how pronouns are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Hello SonuKumar,

'What' does not work in this sentence. You can say the following:

Children always speak the same language as their parents.

Children always speak the same language that their parents do.

 

For your second example you can say the following:

I have the same toy as you.

I have a toy just like yours.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, we should 'the' before next plan while asking someone eles about what their next plan is because they already know about it right ?
Sir, is it wrong to say these sentences- If you are going to talk to me like this, then I will not talk to you or If He is going to come my place, I will not go home. rather than saying ones with the subordinate cause like this- If you talk to me like this or if he comes to my place ? Second question. what do you think next plan should be ? or what do you think should be next plan ? which is right and more acceptable?

Hello SonuKumar,

Yes, those first two sentences are correct. 'if you are going to' suggests the speaker is unhappy about the situation. As for your second question, 'should be' should come at the end -- you need to use a reported question structure here. I'd suggest putting some kind of determiner (e.g. 'our' or 'your' or 'the') before the word 'plan'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, Could we use 'Until' or till in negative sentences like this- Don't go anywhere until I don't come or till I don't come back or is there any other sentence in which this use is possible ? perhaps I have seen it somewhere perhaps in song and somewhere else as well please clear my doubt about it.

Hello SonuKumar,

After 'until' we do not use a negative form. Thus we would say:

Don't go anywhere until I come  / till I come back

 

You may have heard a double negative in a song but it is a non-standard form. Songs often use non-standard forms, of course.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, is it wrong to say these sentences- If you are going to talk to me like this, then I will not talk to you or If He is going to come my place, I will not go home. rather than saying ones with the subordinate cause like this- If you talk to me like this or if he comes to my place ? Second question. what do you think next plan should be ? or what do you think should be next plan ? which is right and more acceptable?
Sir, This time 'Diwali' is 19th of October in India. It's our biggest festival showing wining over ravan's adharma by rama's dharma. it's not celebrated over the world unlike Christmas ,but in some part of the world and mainly in India. I'm sure you know about it but do you celebrate it in any way I mean you ( Peter Sir and kirk Sir) and does anybody eles celebrate it in England, Poland and Spain ? Though people burn fire crackers on this festival, I and my family don't like to because we don't want our city , country and world polluted so we believe in eating and meeting with our relatives and friends. Happy Diwali.☺☺☺... Sonu.

Hello SonuKumar,

As far as I know, Diwali is celebrated in many countries around the world. Certainly in the UK it is an important celebration and there is an article on it on LearnEnglish Teens. I'm sure there are people who celebrate it in Spain -- and I suppose the same is true in Poland -- though it's probably not as widespread here.

Hope you enjoy the holiday! Happy Diwali!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter. Although it is often stated that by the time a person is a young adult they will know what to do. The word "they" refers to ..... . Why plural?

Hello amirfd,

The word 'they' here refers to the young person. We use 'they' when we do not know or do not want to specify the gender of the person. It means the same as 'he or she' and although it is plural in form (with a plural verb) it refers to one person. For example, I might say:

You should see a doctor. They will give you a prescription.

The meaning is the same as:

You should see a doctor. He or she will give you a prescription.

We try to avoid 'he or she' because it is clumsy and generally not considered good style.

This use of 'they' is quite old, in fact, going back to before Shakespeare's time.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, There's a difference between a heap of and heaps of, I think. If we say that there's a heap of garbage we mean only one heap of garbage not more than one but if we say heaps of garbage we mean many heaps of garbage right ? but if we say- a large quantity of weapons or large quantities of weapons, is there's any difference and if yes then I think the same difference should be applied to 'Amount and amounts' right ? and I think if we make 'heaps, amounts and quantities' subject of our sentence so we will use the helping verbs (Are, have and were) instead of was, has and is and if we use them as singular in the subject of a sentence so we will use is, has and was instead of plural helping verbs right ? I'm little confused please tell me how to use them right.

Hello SonuKumar,

Most of the time, the difference between 'a heap of' and 'heaps of' is the same as the difference between 'a lot of' and 'lots of'. In other words, most of the time, there is no difference -- both indicate a great quantity and basically mean 'much' or 'many'. Beware that both 'heap' and 'lot' also have other meanings and uses, some of which are very similar -- I'd suggest you follow the links to see their entries in the dictionary.

In general, I'd suggest using 'a large quantity' when speaking about one class of objects (e.g. 'a large quantity of weapons'). If you're speaking about different types of the same general class of objects (e.g. shirts, scarves and socks are all types of clothes), however, then 'quantities' would be appropriate -- e.g. 'They bought large quantities of shirts, scarves and socks'. This BBC page also touches on this a little bit and might be useful for you.

The verbs agree with 'quantity' or 'quantities' or other quantifiers that have singular and plural forms.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, what does it mean 'it's not like that' I looked for it on internet but found nothing does it mean nothing like that or it's nothing and one last question please help, is all of them a distributive pronoun or indefinite pronoun if we talk about pronouns ?
Hi Team Which one is correct and why: They enjoyed at the party. OR They enjoyed themselves st the party.

Hello Pavan Kaur,

The second sentence (with 'themselves') is correct. The verb 'enjoy' is either reflexive (with 'yourself', 'myself' etc) or it has a direct object ('enjoy the meal', 'enjoy the party' etc).

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi. You, my good sirs, are awesome. Just want to ask something. Do you need to use comma after the pronoun "this one" wheb the sentence is written like this: I remember watching this one years ago. *, I'm not studying anymore. Just wanted to clarify something.

Hello Clifford123,

There is no need for a comma in that sentence. Time phrases like 'years ago', 'last week', 'at the weekend' and so on are generally not preceded by commas.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, perfectly you are right but what about, you have done it yourself or you can do it yourself ? what are they supposed to mean ?

Hello SonuKumar,

You have done it yourself has a similar meaning to You yourself have done it but is less formal and less emphatic. The second form is quite rare in modern English and is really a rhetorical device used in quite formal speeches and the like.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, You yourself have done it means you have done it by yourself but does it give a little different meaning than these two ( you have done it yourself) does it mean you have done it for you or yourself ? You yourself can do it means you can do it by yourself but is it little different in meaning than those ( you can do it yourself) does it mean you can do it for you or yourself ?

Hello SonuKumar,

We use 'by yourself' to show that something was done independently and without any help. We use 'you yourself' to emphasise that it was you, not another person, who did something. In particular we use 'you yourself' to emphasise responsibility for something positive (an achievement) or negative (a crime, for example). It has a sense of 'take credit for this' or 'don't blame anyone else for this'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir, Could you please help me, What is the meaning of "Stand and stare"? Kindly explain....

Hello irfanhanif970,

You can find both 'stand' and 'stare' in the dictionary. If the meaning still isn't clear after you've looked them up, please let us know, though kindly give us the context so we can be sure we understand it ourselves.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hello I have an IELTS exam two months from now and my english is not bad! I was wondring if it is possible for me to get 7.5 in my exam within two months? and how can I be prepared for my exam ?

Hello hosseinnoroozi,

I'm afraid I can't say since I don't know your current level or how much you're studying, but I certainly encourage you to try!

I would recommend you check out TakeIELTS and our IELTS YouTube channel, where you'll find loads of useful and free information about the test and how to prepare for it. Our Facebook page also has lots of posts to other useful websites as well.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, all of them, is it a distributive pronoun or indefinite pronoun ? and what about everyone one of you and everyone of the girls ? could you give me a basic rule to distinguish between them ? and one last question, All mangoes are bad. Sir, we can make this sentence but Could we make this- All three are my brothers or all three are good ? I doubt because we have no noun after all three in both sentences ?

Hello Adya's,

'any of you' is used with a plural verb, e.g. 'Are any of you hungry?'

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, The whiter is his face the blacker is his heart. is it also possible like 'His heart is as black as his face is white' though it seems worng and I think it is what do you look at it ? if something gets away from you or you stay away from it so you forget about it because there is no connection between you and that thing or there remains no connection between you and that thing. Could I also say "Because there has been no connection between you and that thing ?
Sir, Generally these sentences don't make sense (I don't want to anyone to doubt me by staying at that hotel) (By staying at that hotel I don't want anyone to doubt me) It's possible here suppose I'm drug dealer so I think that these sentenses are possible but all I want to know is if we add the phrase 'by staying at that hotel' in front the subject 'I' in this sentence like I did In my first sentence so it refers to the subject 'I' doesn't it ? or If we add the phrase 'by staying at that hotel' at the end of the sentense so it refers to the object of the sentence 'Anyone' doesn't it ?

Hello SonuKumar,

When I first read your sentence before reading your question, I understood both versions to mean the same thing, i.e. that 'by staying at that hotel' referred to 'I' (not to 'anyone'). I suppose one could interpret it as referring to 'anyone' -- it's ambiguous and you'd have to explain it a bit more if you wanted it to be absolutely clear.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, as an Indian for me, what's the best way to learn British accent (actually I like British accent) I insist please tell me if there's any way ?

Hello SonuKumar,

There is no specific way to develop a British accent (and remember that there are many accents within Britain), for an Indian or for anyone else! Listening to as much British English as possible and trying to approximate the pronunciation is the way to move in this direction, I would say. However, remember that English is an international language and the goal is to speak clearly and to express yourself well. Whether a person's accent is British, Australian, Jamaican, Indian or anything else is not really important.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Could you please give me at least one example regarding my last question how to use "it being" in certain sentence as participle ?
Sir, We normally say " It's an idea or It's an idea to educate him" but what about saying (It being an idea or It being an idea to educate) is it a structure of English or something ?

Hello SonuKumar,

You could only use 'it being...' as part of a participle construction in certain contexts, not as the main verb in the sentence.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I will punch him on stomach and he will hold his stomach and go home, he will go home holding his stomach or he will go home by holding his stomach. Which is more right, comman and acceptable way to this thing ?
Dear Sir, kindly let me know the appropriate us of phrase " nice of you" " so nice of you".

Hello Imran 26,

In this phrase, 'nice' means 'kind'. It is used to thank someone for their kindness or acknowledge it. 

In the dictionary entry (follow the link above), you can see how it is used in an example sentence. You could also do an internet search for "so nice of you" (including the inverted commas) to see more examples.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, If I'm burnt on hand and want my friend not to touch that area of my hand could I say "Hey, don't touch it it's burnt here on my hand or I'm burnt here on my hand or my hand is burnt here ?
It will cost much to the one whoever wearing a red dress or in a red dress dances with a girl in my fair. Sir, is this a right sentence ? if not then Could you please make a right one for me. I want to say that Anyone in a red dress, if dances with a girl in my fair, it will cost much to him.
Hello Sir I have two questions to ask you. 1) What is the past tense of beat and how is it used and pronounced? 2)What is the difference between Present Perfect Tense and Present Perfect Continuous Tense?----I follow Wren & Martin for all my english grammar. It says that both the tenses are used for an action which began at sometime in the past and is still continuing. Eg. I have known him for a long time.---Present Perfect Tense They have been playing since 4 o'clock.----Present Perfect Continuous Tense How does one know where to use the Perfect Tense or Perfect Continuous tense?

Hello Pavan Kaur,

The past tense of 'beat' is 'beat' - it is an irregular verb. The pronunication is the same for the present and past forms. For pronunciation I recommend an online dictionary which has an example you can listen to, such as this one.

We have several pages dealing with the use of the present perfect simple and continuous. Please take a look at the pages below - I think they will help clarify the issue.

present perfect simple and continuous

present perfect

perfective aspect

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I will never love T.V as much as I love Radio Could I also make this sentence like this using 'as much as' - I Will never have as much love for T.V as (I have) for Radio and Could I also leave the words like (I have or I love) In both sentences ?
Hello Peter Thank you for a quick response. My doubt for "beat" is clarified, thank you for the same. For my doubts on the tenses, I checked the links you sent and also took some exercises (by the way "taking exercises" is correct OR "doing exercises"?) 1) I have worked here for thirty years. 2) I have been working here for thirty years. In the above examples, the 2nd example is used when you want to say that you worked there for thirty years and are still continuing to work there. Under what scenario does one use the 1st example? Does the speaker still continue to work there? I mean to ask--I have worked here for thirty years----what does this statement imply--continuity/non continuity of action?