There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.

There are four present tense forms in English:

Tense Form
Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...





Which of the following is correct?
1. I'm sure i have locked the door and I clearly remember locking it.
2. I'm sure I have locked the door and I clearly remember having locked it.

Hello Snehth,

Both sentences would be better if you changed 'i have locked' (present perfect) to 'I locked' (past simple). This is because if you remember what you did, it was clearly in the past and has no real connection to the present. The present perfect implies some kind of connection to the present which is incongruous with the rest of the sentence.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir Peter M if I want to borrow a book from British Council library in Pakistan how can I get the book. Do you have any information regarding this?

Hello Najid Ali,

I'm afraid I don't know this but if you contact the British Council library directly then they will give you all the information you need. You can find their website here:


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

someone has to do this
someone have to do this
which one is the correct?

Thank u Peter M

some students come regularly
some student comes regularly
are these both sentences are correct if yes then How?

Hello Najid Ali,

The first sentence is correct. It describes a number of students and their behaviour.

The second sentence is not standard English. We do not use 'some' with a singular countable noun in this way.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Peter M I want to know about "s" with come