The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have and the past participle of a verb:

The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb:

Use

We use the present perfect tense:

  • for something that started in the past and continues in the present:

They’ve been married for nearly fifty years.
She has lived in Liverpool all her life.

Note: We normally use the present perfect continuous for this:

She has been living in Liverpool all her life.
It’s been raining for hours.

  •  for something we have done several times in the past and continue to do:

I’ve played the guitar ever since I was a teenager.
He has written three books and he is working on another one.
I’ve been watching that programme every week.

We often use a clause with since to show when something started in the past:

They’ve been staying with us since last week.
I have worked here since I left school.
I’ve been watching that programme every week since it started.

  • when we are talking about our experience up to the present:


Note: We often use the adverb ever to talk about experience up to the present:

My last birthday was the worst day I have ever had.

Note: and we use never for the negative form:

Have you ever met George?
Yes, but I’ve never met his wife.

  • for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of speaking:

I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys.
Teresa isn’t at home. I think she has gone shopping.
I’m tired out. I’ve been working all day.

 

 We use the present perfect of be when someone has gone to a place and returned:

A: Where have you been?
B: I’ve just been out to the supermarket.

A: Have you ever been to San Francisco?
B: No, but I’ve been to Los Angeles.

But when someone has not returned we use have/has gone:

A: Where is Maria? I haven’t seen her for weeks.
B: She's gone to Paris for a week. She’ll be back tomorrow.

We often use the present perfect with time adverbials which refer to the recent past:

just; only just; recently;

Scientists have recently discovered a new breed of monkey.
We have just got back from our holidays.

or adverbials which include the present:

ever (in questions); so far; until now; up to now; yet (in questions and negatives)

Have you ever seen a ghost?
Where have you been up to now?
Have you finished your homework yet?
No, so far I’ve only done my history.

WARNING:

We do not use the present perfect with an adverbial which refers to past time which is finished:

I have seen that film yesterday.
We have just bought a new car last week.
When we were children we have been to California.

But we can use it to refer to a time which is not yet finished:

Have you seen Helen today?
We have bought a new car this week.

   

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello pavi,

Both 1 and 2 are in the present perfect continuous. The present perfect continuous has three words: 1) 'has' or 'have' (depending on the subject) + 2) 'been' + 3) V-ing (e.g. 'living' in sentence 1 and 'watching' in sentences 2).

The present perfect simple has only two words: 'has' or 'have' + a past participle. For example: 'She has lived in Liverpool all her life' or 'I've watched that programme every week'. For more on the difference between these please see our Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Continuous page.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi
I have another question too. in this sentences "I've been talking to Amanda about the problems and she agrees with me". why we should use present perfect continues?
thank you

Hello Zth,

In isolation it is possible to use many different forms here: I've talked to... / I've been talking to / I talked to / I was talking to, for example. All of them are possible; which is needed will depend on the particular context. You need to look at the context in which the sentence occurs and consider what the speaker is choosing to emphasise through his or her choice of verb form.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello
And also I want to know, can we use these ones instead?
-Julia has been living/has living in Paris a long time?
-how long have you been working/have you worked here?

Thank you so much for answering

Hello Zth,

'Julia has been living/has lived (not 'has living') in Paris for a long time' and 'How long have you been working/have you worked here?' are both correct. There are so many contexts in which you could use one or the other that it's difficult for me to explain. If you have a specific context in mind, please don't hesitate to ask us about it. 

Have you seen our Present Perfect Simple and Continuous page? There's a good explanation of the general difference between these two tenses there.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello
I have a question. in this sentences "We use the present perfect of be when someone has gone to a place and returned", returned is used as a "past tense form" or it is present perfect like "has gone" and "has" is deleted t symmetric.
thanks

Hello Zth,

It is a present perfect form. When the context makes the meaning clear, auxiliary verbs are often left out. This is called ellipsis.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

I’m tired out. I’ve been working all day. - In this sentence the Action of work is completed so why we Use Working.Working is indicating that my activity is running,
Can you please clarify,

Thanks & Regards,

Hello Vishal Panchal,

The explanation for this is on the page.

 

for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of speaking:

In this case it is important because it has a present result (being tired).

 

Remember that there are several ways in which the present perfect is used. To describe an unfinished activitiy is only one of these.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello!

I have a doubt about time adverbials. When we use the time adverbials in the present perfect we need to follow a form to use it?

for example: has/have+ past participle + time adverbials.

Pages