We make questions by:


1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?

3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxiliary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?





what is the difference in meaning in the following sentences?
How many children have you?
How many children do you have?

Hello naghmairam,

The second sentence is the standard form in most any major variety of English spoken around the world. The first one is not as common and you can hear it more often in some varieties of English. There is no difference in meaning between them.

In any case, I'd recommend you use the second one, especially if you're in an English class, as it is the more widely-considered standard form of the two.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi team,

In this sentence, which tag is the correct one please? "Have another coffee, will you? / or would you or do you ?

Thank you.

Hello Widescreen,

Question tags are a bit unusual after imperative verb forms, and if you use them, please be aware that people might think you are being quite rude. In this case, either 'will you' or 'would you' is grammatically correct. In theory, 'would' is a bit more polite than 'will', but as I mentioned earlier, both are potentially rude if used with a serious tone.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

thank you for your clarification.

Hello Sash,

As Kirk says, in this context 'password-averse' describes a person who does not like to use passwords, though they may use other methods of security.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you. Cheers. I do have another question, though.
Can I use the word stereotype in this way?
I used to stereotype tall people as unapproachable and scary.
Thank you in advance.

Hello Sash,

Yes, that is a correct use of the word. You might want to check out a concordancer, where you can multiple examples of how a word has been used in context. If you want to see what I mean, go to the NOW Corpus and then write 'stereotype' in the search box. Press the 'Find matching strings' button, then press on the word STEREOTYPE on the next page, and you can see hundreds (often thousands) of examples of how the word has been used around the internet. It can be really useful for the kinds of analysis you seem to be interested in.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much for the info. Very helpful. I appreciate your help.