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Verbs followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive 1

Do you know when to use -ing and when to use to + infinitive after a verb?

Look at these examples to see how the verb forms are used.

I enjoy learning languages.
I want to learn a new language.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Verbs followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive 1: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

A verb can be followed by another verb. The second one usually needs to change into the -ing form or the to + infinitive form. Which form you need depends on what the first verb is.

Verbs followed by the -ing form

When enjoy, admit and mind are followed by another verb, it must be in the -ing form.

I enjoy travelling.
He admitted stealing the necklace.
I don't mind waiting if you're busy.

Other verbs in this group include avoid, can't help, consider, dislike, feel like, finish, give up, like, love, miss, practise and suggest.

Verbs followed by to + infinitive form

When want, learn and offer are followed by another verb, it must be in the to + infinitive form.

I want to speak to the manager.
She's learning to play the piano.
He offered to help us wash up.

Other verbs in this group include afford, agree, ask, choose, decide, expect, hope, plan, prepare, promise, refuse and would like.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Verbs followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive' 1: Grammar test 2

Nivel de idioma

Beginner: A1
Pre-intermediate: A2

Comments

Hello,
Is there any way to tell when a verb should be followed by -ing or by to + infinitive? I mean any verb that outside this list. Thank you.

Hello tikah,

I'm afraid there's nothing in the verb itself which will tell you what form follows it. You simply need to memorise which verbs are followed by verb-ing, which by to+verb and which by the base form of the verb. Some verbs can be followed by more than one form, with changes in the meaning resulting.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

good luck

Hi ! I want to learned more basic grammar .Coz I don’t know how to use properly grammars..

Hello Sophea

Thanks for the suggestion. We plan to add more basic grammar pages in the future, but are busy with other projects at the moment. 

In the meantime, I'd suggest you look at the Beginner grammar section of LearnEnglish Teens for more topics.

Best wishes

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

hi , I want to learning more. thanks for all

How can I know if the verb isn't in this list if it must followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive? What would be the rule for the verbs help, work, reach, say, study, give, show, think, see, answer, find and apply?

Hello Heloisa

You can find more verbs like these on this and this page here on LearnEnglish, but any good dictionary will show this kind of information (follow the link to see an example).

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

I want to learn possessive pronouns I don't have information about how and when we use possessive pronouns

Hello dear,
I am not sure it is suitable topic for the question...

What is the difference between 'heating source' and 'heat source'.. Thank you in advance :)

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