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Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs

Do you know how to tell someone what another person said using reporting verbs?

Look at these examples to see how reporting verbs are used.

direct speech: 'You should come, it's going to be a lot of fun,' she said.
indirect speech: She persuaded me to come.

direct speech: 'Wait here,' he said.
indirect speech: He told us to wait there.

direct speech: 'It wasn't me who finished the coffee,' he said.
indirect speech: He denied finishing the coffee.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs: 1

Grammar explanation

When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. These are called 'reporting verbs'. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. Many reporting verbs can be followed by another verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form. 

Reporting verb + infinitive

Verbs like advise, agree, challenge, claim, decide, demand, encourage, invite, offer, persuade, promise, refuse and remind can follow an infinitive pattern.

'Let's see. I'll have the risotto, please.'
  • He decided to have the risotto.
'I'll do the report by Friday, for sure.'
  • She promised to do the report by Friday.
'It's not a good idea to write your passwords down.'
  • They advised us not to write our passwords down.

We can also use an infinitive to report imperatives, with a reporting verb like tell, order, instruct, direct or warn.

'Please wait for me in reception.'
  • The guide told us to wait for her in reception.
'Don't go in there!'
  • The police officer warned us not to go in there.

Reporting verb + -ing form

Verbs like admit, apologise for, complain about, deny, insist on, mention and suggest can follow an -ing form pattern.

'I broke the window.'
  • She admitted breaking the window.
'I'm really sorry I didn't get back to you sooner.'
  • He apologised for not getting back to me sooner.
'Let's take a break.'
  • She suggested taking a break.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs: 2

Nivel de idioma

Intermediate: B1

Comments

I really like

I really like the platform, the information was very useful to me.
What I studied were informative verbs with the information I learned that will be used to give statements and to report what someone said in a clear way, if someone says something it is as if they rectified it saying that person said it but already in the second person. Also the information of qualified adjectives works for me if I want to emphasize the quality of something in a very specific way.

I really like the platform, the information was very useful to me.
What I studied were the reporting verbs with the information I learned that they are used to give statements and to report what someone said in a clear way, if someone says something it is as if you rectified it saying that person said it but already in the second person. Also qualifying adjective information works for me if I want to emphasize the quality of something in a very specific way.

Hello Sofipe

As you've probably noticed, I've translated your comment into English. This is because our House rules ask all users to write comments in English, so that everyone can understand them. So please be sure to write in English next time.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team