# Continuous aspect

Level: intermediate

We use continuous aspect:

• for something happening before and after a specific time:

He's getting on the train. (before and after the moment of speaking)
It was a quarter past ten. We were watching the news on television.

• for something happening before and after another action:

Mother will be cooking the dinner when we get home.
We were waiting for the bus when it started to rain.

• for something continuing for some time:

Everybody will be waiting for us.
They had been working hard all day.

• for something happening again and again:

They've been doing that every day this week.
The children were always shouting.
He will be practising the piano every night.

• for something temporary:

We are renting an apartment until our house is ready.
He was working in a garage during the vacation.

• for something new:

We have moved from Birmingham. We're living in Manchester now.

• to describe something changing or developing:

Everything has been getting more difficult.
He was growing more bad-tempered every day.

Continuous aspect 1

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Continuous aspect 2

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We can use continuous aspect:

How long have you been sitting there?
I don't know how long she had been learning Spanish.

Your friends will be looking for you.
They might be playing tennis.

You should have been driving more carefully.
Soon we will have been living here for 25 years.

Continuous aspect 3

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Continuous aspect 4

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We do not normally use the continuous aspect with stative verbs. We use the simple instead:

I don't understand you. (NOT am not understanding)
When I got home, I really needed a shower. (NOT was needing)
I've always liked John. (NOT been liking)

Hi great team,
I am confused about the'-ing clause'

For instance, when I say
1)''I see him sitting on the sofa.''

A website says (-sitting on the sofa) is 'a -ing clause'.
But I learnt that it is a participle clause.
Which one is true? ,teacher. Could you please explain difference to me?

After asking a question, I want to thank all our helpful teachers and our moderator for helping us to learn English.I am very grateful to have that opportunity.

Hi Nevı,

Both are true! There are two types of participle clauses:

1. Present participle clauses (using the -ing verb form)
2. Past participle clauses (using the -ed verb form).

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for page link teacher. So I understand that '-ing' clause involve gerund clauses and present participle clauses.
For example,
-I like walking my dog.
walking my dog is -ing (
gerund) clause.

-I see him sitting on the sofa.
sitting on the sofa is -ing(participle) clause.

Teacher,Do I understand correctly?
Thanks a lot.

Hi Nevı,

Yes, exactly :)

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot teacher, I know I asked 2 questions. But I really want to learn that topic well and that is my last question probably :).

While I was going over information about '- ing clauses' , I just saw one
site says
"A clause is a group of words which contains a verb."(Collins Dict.)

Other site says(Longman dict)
"Group of words that contains a subject and a verb."

Which one is true, teacher? Could you please explain me why?

Best wishes!

Hi Nevı,

No worries :) Both are true, actually. A clause always has a verb in it, and a verb has a subject. But, the subject isn't always stated in the clause, e.g.:

• Waiting for Ellie, I made some tea. ('Waiting for Ellie' = present participle clause; subject is not stated)
• While I was waiting for Ellie, I made some tea. ('While I was waiting for Ellie' = clause with subject and verb)

The first example is a type of clause called a non-finite clause (i.e. a clause with a verb in the infinitive, participle or gerund form). With non-finite clauses, the subject is often not stated.

I hope that helps.

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot, teacher. I learnt lots of things from your answers .
And I want to sum up your last massage to ask you If I understand correctly;

Non-finite clauses(gerund, participle infinitive and - to infinitive clauses usually has no
stated subject.

For instance ;
-I let him eat ice cream. (eat ice cream is infinitive clause and subject is not stated.Because subject is obviously him)

-I want to play football. (to play football is -to infinitive clause and subject is not stated. Because subject is obviously me)

Best wishes, teacher Jonathan.I am very grateful.

Hi Nevı,

Yes, exactly :)

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

How have you been? Or how are you? In what situation do we use "how have you been"?

thanks

Hello Gendeng,

'you have been' is the present perfect and 'are' is the present simple. In this case, the present perfect refers to a period of time beginning at some point in the past up until now. When this period began may be clear from the context, or it may be that the speaker asks it casually. Much of time, it's as if the question were 'How have you been lately?' or 'How have you been since I last saw you?'

The present simple form generally refers more to the present and less to the recent past.

Hope this helps.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team