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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5




which one is correct:
you are a student
you are students
you are a doctor
you are doctors
you are a great team
you are great teams

thank you in advance. you are AMAZING

Hi ihsan_qwerty,

All of those sentences are correct. The first sentences in each pair are about one person or one team and the second sentences are about more than one.



The LearnEnglish Team

why do they say 'Innings' even when they refer to a single inning in cricket ?

Hello dipakrgandhi,

There is no word 'inning'. The singular form and the plural form are the same: innings.

For example, you can say 'Cook's last innings was magnificent' or 'Kohli has played many fine innings for his country'.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you.

Is there a word ' Inning ' which refers to Baseball. This is what I understand from Cambridge Dictionary entry for ' Inning'.

The another thing I would like to know is when to put 'full stop' inside the quotation mark and when to put it outside.

Thanking you


Dipak Gandhi

Hello Dipak,

In the context of baseball, the word 'inning' is singular and 'innings' is plural. There are usually nine innings in a professional baseball game (or six or seven in non-professional games), so people often use an ordinal number to speak of which inning it is, e.g. 'the second inning', etc. Within each inning, each team 'goes to bat', i.e. has the chance to hit the ball and score runs.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello dipakrgandhi,

I'm not familar with the use of the term in US English, I'm afraid. In British English 'innings' is used for the singular and plural forms. I can ask my colleague Kirk, who is from the US, to comment on this.

The rules for punctuation of direct speech and quotations are summarised here.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you!

Hello Sir
Please help me to understand this word properly.
Bi linguist- I refereed to Cambridge online dictionary and it states: (of a person)
able to use two languages equally well.
I would like to know 'two languages mean inclusive mother language or besides mother language. mother language and two other languages.All
together three.
Thank you.

Hello Lal,

'bilingual' typically means two languages. What the relationship the speaker has with the two languages varies quite a bit, but in general I expect there are more bilinguals who feel stronger in one language than the other. The word 'bilingual' doesn't make any differentiation between these kind of people and what we could call perhaps 'true bilinguals', i.e. people for whom both languages are equally strong.

Sometimes people use 'bilingual' to mean 'multilingual' (a speak of more than one language), but in theory a bilingual speaks only two languages fluently.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team