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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5




Hello Sir
Please help me to understand this word properly.
Bi linguist- I refereed to Cambridge online dictionary and it states: (of a person)
able to use two languages equally well.
I would like to know 'two languages mean inclusive mother language or besides mother language. mother language and two other languages.All
together three.
Thank you.

Hello Lal,

'bilingual' typically means two languages. What the relationship the speaker has with the two languages varies quite a bit, but in general I expect there are more bilinguals who feel stronger in one language than the other. The word 'bilingual' doesn't make any differentiation between these kind of people and what we could call perhaps 'true bilinguals', i.e. people for whom both languages are equally strong.

Sometimes people use 'bilingual' to mean 'multilingual' (a speak of more than one language), but in theory a bilingual speaks only two languages fluently.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Could You help me, Please? When I want to order a meal, which word is correct?
- Half (chicken - a chicken) with rice.
Thank you

Hi Ahmed Imam,

I would say either 'half a chicken' or 'a half chicken', probably the first more than the second.

Now I'm hungry!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear teacher

As I quote:
"Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?"

According to this, so the sentence "Can you sell my old books?" is wrong?

Thank you

Hi Daisy9,

No, your question is not wrong. You make a good point and I will make a note to improve the wording of that explanation. The difference here is that in your question, a specific set of old books is being talked about, whereas in the question that is used as an example on this page, the books are not a specific group the speaker has in mind.

I can see how the explanation doesn't make this distinction, though, so we are grateful for your feedback.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

This is the headline in newspaper :

Monsoon in south Andaman Sea; good rains for state till mid-June

My question : 'good rains' ; is the rain countable , can we make it plural

Hello dipakrgandhi,

'rain' is uncountable, but the word is also used in the plural to refer to the rainy season in the tropics. This is why it's used that way here.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


Hello everyone,
I found the phrase "How we talk about things matters.", is that grammatically correct?
Source: Facebook, American Association for State and Local History
As I think "things" and "matters" are plural noun objects in this case, do you agree with it, please tell me?
Thank you