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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5




Hello Vitub,

The sentence is grammatically correct. The reason a singular verb is used is that the subject is not 'things' but rather the whole noun phrase 'the way we talk about things'. The key part here is 'way', which is singular. If we changed it to 'the ways we talk about things' then a plural verb would be needed.



The LearnEnglish Team

I was very confused about noun. Now I think I am learning from this website. This website is best to improve my English skills. This lesson is very understandable.

Hi Amirfd,
The second sentence is definitely correct.
The first one is almost correct; if you add the indefinite article before the noun 'apple', the sentence becomes grammatically correct.
"There is not an apple in the fridge." However you wouldn't usually use this construction to express the idea conveyed by the": "There are not any apples in the fridge."

There is no apple in the fridge.
There are not any apples in the fridge.
which one is wrong? Why?

Hello amirfd,

Both sentences are possible.

The second sentence (not any apples) would be used if you are talking about whole apples, as they are countable.

The first sentence (no apple) would be used if you are talking about pieces of apple, as this would be uncountable.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot.

Collective nouns can take a singular verb, and a plural verb 'be', depending on how the speaker perceives the particular noun.
For example, if we look at the noun 'crew' as one entity we can say:
The BBC TV crew at the Olympic Games in South Korea is a large one.
If we look upon the crew as a collection of many individuals, we can use a plural form of the verb:
The BBC TV crew are mostly young, university graduates, who speak and understand Korean.
‘Team ‘ is another such a noun, for example:
Manchester City is the best team in the Premier League this season.
Manchester City team are very fast, very skilful, and very prolific!

I'm really sorry,
I'm never going to do it again.
I asure. Actually I misunderstood the word much as a adjective. I should have checked its entry out in the dictionary and then asked to you in case anything was left un-understood. I started wrongly, I'm sorry. I'll keep that in mind and not do that again.

This is very much information or This information is very much.
I think the one below is right isn't it ?
A bit or a little bit information or sugar or water Or A bit of or a little bit of information sugar or water. which are correct here the ones with a bit or a bit of ?

Hello SonuKumar,

Normally, 'a lot' is used instead of 'much' in positive statements: 'This is a lot of information'. I don't understand what exactly you mean by 'This information is very much' -- perhaps 'This information is very useful'? 

You can say 'a bit of water' or 'a little water' or 'a little bit of water' -- they all mean the same thing.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team