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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5




Hello Naina Ali,

What would you like help with in particular? There are many resources here on LearnEnglish available to you so if you can be more specific and tell us what you find difficult or what you would like to practise then we'll be happy to point you in the right direction.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

HI, Could you please explain the following nouns. I am very confused to get detials.
1) Proper Noun is Person/Place/Things, is animal & birds under proper noun?
2) Common noun is also person/Place/things/ How abut animal & birds
3) Count & non count noun is it under common noun?
4) Colective noun. please explain
5) Abstract Noun. Please explain
6) COncrete noun. Please explain
7) Compound noun. Please explain. Kinldy please help me to get clear above the doubts

Hi everyone:D I am just registered and I found here is an excellent platform for me to improve my english:)
By the way, I am not quite understand in question 10 why the correct answer is mice. If anyone can explain to me that would be much appreciated.

Hi ken414,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!

The answer is 'mice' because a plural noun is needed; if we asked about a single mouse then we would need to add an indefinite article ('a').

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

plz help me in english


You said when noun ending with X we shell add to "es". BUt when the OX become plural its change to Oxen. Could you please explain

Hi keyansugan81,

'Oxen' is an irregular plural form.  English does not have many but there are some, such as 'children', 'sheep', 'people' and 'oxen'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team


Here you mentioned here singular noun for things & Person. How about other Animal, Birds,Place is it include in the count noun or not. Please describe some details explain

Hi keyansugan81,

Yes, all of those things are included in the category 'things'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

thank you it is very important for me