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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5





What's wrong with this sentence "I think her child watch far too much television."? I can't imagine the rule, which lead me to 'children' as the right answer for question 2.

Thank you!

Please correct me, if my English is wrong.
Thank you.

Hello moox,

The reason 'child' is not possible is that the verb 'watch' is plural.  If the answer was 'child' then the sentence would be:

'I think her child watches far too much television.'

As the verb is 'watch' a plural subject is needed and so 'children' is the correct answer.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter M,

thank you very much.

Also singular countable nouns ending in O, we add ''es''

Eleven out of twelve. ;) X


Thanks much to British council, good Unit....

thank you very much

It`s a good practice for beginners! Thank u very much!I would like to learn English with you!