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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1

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Singular count nouns 2

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Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1

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Plural count nouns 2

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Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
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Plural count nouns 4

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Plural count nouns 5

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Comments

Hello agie,

I think the usual term is 'absolute beginner' (which is also the name of a musical starring David Bowie!).

In your sentence, I would say 'at school' is the best choice.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I would like to ask about the following
What is the difference between a flat and an apartment?
Thank you in advance

Hello agie

They mean the same thing. 'flat' is more common in British English (though 'apartment' is also used) and speakers of American English only use 'apartment'.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I would like to ask which preposition suits better before the following noun
1.He is a French teacher and his interest in working in your/the language center OR
2. He is interested in working at your language center?
Thank you in advance

Hello agie

2 sounds better to me.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone,

I faced with a problem an author did the title USING AN ARTICLES CHART with COMMON NOUNS. And it's very interesting there is used the article AN in front of the collocation ARTICLES CHART, in which as I think ARTICLES is a plural noun, and CHART is a singular noun.

Firstly as I think it would be right to put the article "the" or altogether not used.
Secondly the word ARTICLES mustn't be been a plural form then in this case it would be done the singular form. As a result it would be looked like that ARTICLE CHART, and before it there would be put the article THE i.e.THE ARTICLE CHART. So this title would be worked like that USING THE ARTICLE CHART with COMMON NOUNS.
Please reply my question, what do you think about that?

Thank you

Hello Vitub,

The phrase 'articles chart' is a compound noun and is best treated as a single unit rather than being analysed as two nouns separately. It's not unusual to see compound nouns like this (e.g. sports shoes, games site, exhibitions hall, parcels division).

It's perfectly fine to use an indefinite article before a singular compound noun. The implication is that there are many possible articles charts, and this is one example. Within the text, once referring back to an already-identified chart, you might use 'the', of course.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
I would like to ask if the following is correct
1.A zero beginner(in a language or in general) Does it make sense? And if so, is it polite to say it?
Thank you in advance

Hello Sirs,

Reading an interesting story, King's Ransom, an original edition Ed McBain 1959, this simplified edidtion Oxford University Press 2008. I noticed a phrase "he'll get to be company president" there is absent the A article before words "company president"

Please answer the question, did it make deliberately that author omitted the A article before words "company president"?

As I think it must be looked like that "he'll get to be a company president"

Thank you

Hello Vitub,

Both forms are possible, but there is a difference in meaning.

'He'll get to be a company president' means that he is capable of reaching this position in a company somewhere, but I do not have a specific company in mind.

'He'll get to be company president' means that I think he will reach a particular position in a particular company (presumably the one I or he work in).

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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