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Count nouns

Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a teacher a book a wish an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

teachers books wishes ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the English teacher that book a wish my latest idea
Singular count nouns 1


Singular count nouns 2


Plural count nouns

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books
school > schools
friend > friends

We add –es to nouns ending in –s, –ch, –sh, –ss, –x and –o:  

class > classes
watch > watches
gas > gases
wish > wishes
box > boxes
potato > potatoes

When a noun ends in a consonant and –y, we make the plural with –ies:

lady > ladies
country > countries
party > parties

If a noun ends in a vowel and –y, we simply add –s:

boy > boys
day > days
play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

man > men
woman > women
child > children
person > people
foot > feet
Plural count nouns 1


Plural count nouns 2


Plural count nouns do not have a general determiner when they refer to people or things in general:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

But they may have a specific determiner:

Those computers are very expensive.
The books in that shop are very expensive. 
Her sisters live there.

or a quantifier:

some new books a few teachers lots of good ideas

or a numeral:

two new books three wishes
Plural count nouns 3


Plural count nouns 4


Plural count nouns 5




Hello dipakrgandhi,

I can't really comment on this as I'm not sure I understand what you mean without an example. In any case, English is a constantly evolving langauge with a descriptive rather than a prescriptive grammar – in other words, the rules of English describe how it is actually used, rather than trying to be a system which must be followed. If a certain naming convention is in common use then it becomes correct by default, and the rules of grammar change to represent this.



The LearnEnglish Team

I will use my name here : 'Hotel Dipak Inn' . Now are the words 'hotel' and 'inn' redundant in meaning ? Should we not use either hotel or inn - and not the both - in a single name ?

Hello dipakrgandhi

As Peter says, it depends on the context, but in general I agree with you when you say it's redundant. I'd probably say either 'The Dipak Hotel' or 'The Dipak Inn' and not use both words.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to know which of the following is correct?
Website, website or Web site?
Thank you in advance

I would like to ask what is the difference between the word biography and autobiography.
Thank you in advance

I would like to know if the word landline is used in British English as well. I think the word is used in American English?
Thank you in advance

Hello agie

Yes, this word is commonly used in both American and British English.

Best wishes


The LearnEnglish Team

I would like to ask what is the difference between the two following words
Air conditioner and air condition
Thank you in advance

Hello agie,

An air conditioner is a machine which controls the temperature in a building or car, enabling us to set it to a comfortable level.

Air condition describes how the air is in a particular locality and means the same as 'the condition of the air': The air condition in the city today is very bad, with high levels of pollution.



The LearnEnglish Team