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Level: beginner

this and these

We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:

  • to talk about people or things near us:

This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?

  • to introduce people:

This is Janet.
These are my friends John and Michael.

Be careful!

We say, This is John and this is Michael. (NOT These are John and Michael.)

  • to begin a conversation on the phone:

Hello, this is David. Can I speak to Sally?

that and those

We use that (singular) and those (plural) as pronouns to talk about things that are not near us:

What's that?
Those are very expensive shoes.
This is our house, and that's Rebecca's house over there.



We also use that to reply to something someone has said:

'Shall we go to the cinema?'  'Yes, that’s a good idea.'
'I've got a new job.'  'That's great.'
'I'm very tired.'  'Why is that?'

Replies with that's 1


Replies with that's 2


With nouns

We can also use this, these, that and those with nouns. We use this and these for people or things near us:

We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?

and that and those for people or things that are not near us:

Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?

Demonstratives with nouns




Hi. 75%

I got 100% yahooooooooooooooo......

o god, not very good this time..
is my sentence right?

Bismillah...(Allah is everything for me)
Hi my name is Afdhol Khyari, I live in West Sumatera. it's the beautiful tourist palace in Sumatera island.
I want to study at university abroad. My teacher said, I must past the TOEFL test. My TOEFL score must be 550 or more. In this site I begin to learn grammar...I think the lessons here so interesting, brief,,and easy to be understood.
Actually I also need to practice listening. It's the difficult section for me in TOEFL test.
Anybody .... I will be delight if you have advice and trick in use site to master English lesson. . . So I can save my time and reach my target effectively and efficiently
( I'm sorry, my English is not so good)

Hello afdhol19!
Welcome to LearnEnglish, and I'm glad you've found the grammar useful! We don't have material directly for TOEFL, but we do have a lot of listening material available. A good place to start is our Elementary Podcasts. These are short radio shows about different subjects. You can read the transcripts and do the exercises to help you understand the show. If you find these a little easy, our Professional Podcasts are a bit more challenging. If you have an MP3 player, download the files and take some English with you wherever you go.
To get the most out of listenings, try listening once without looking at the transcript, and don't worry about understanding every word. Then listen to them again with the transcript. Try to listen to something every day for best progress!
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team


Thanks  a lot to LearnEnglish Team for this nice space to learn English. I'm a new member. And I'm very glad to be here. 100% as score for this exercise.

hi i got 74%

it's very nice..Iknow after this lesson the different whit any pronunos...ah excuse me I ' new student..hello for all

These lessons are extremely useful for me especially who still stand strong as an english learner of beginner class ;)

I have not got 100%