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Possessives: pronouns

Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me  my mine
you you your yours
he him  his his
she her  her hers
it it its -
we us  our ours
they them  their theirs


Be careful!

Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe:

Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs?
(NOT Is that car your's/her's/our's/their's?)

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John's car?
     No, it's mine.
 (NOT No, it's [my car].)

Whose coat is this?
     Is it yours? (NOT Is it [your coat]?)

Her coat is grey.
     Mine is brown. (NOT [My coat] is brown.)


Possessives: pronouns 1


Level: intermediate

We can use possessive pronouns and nouns after of. We can say:

Susan is one of my friends. > Susan is a friend of mine.
(NOT Susan is a friend of me.)

I am one of Susan's friends. > I am a friend of Susan's.
(NOT I am a friend of Susan.)

Possessives: pronouns 2




Hello Duale,

Our infomation on this topic is on the page and in the exercises above, but if you have a specific question about one of the examples, for instance, then we'll be happy to try to help.

It can be useful to look at related topics. On the right of the page you'll see links to other pages dealing with possessive forms. Wotking through those will be helpful, I think.



The LearnEnglish Team

I have a couple of questions.
First, the difference between possessives as Adjectives and as Pronouns is clear. What I still have lingering is:, how are they used determiners? And lastly, can a word be used as a determiner,a possessive adjective and a possessive pronoun?

Hello Alveiro7,

I think this question is rather too abstract for us to deal with in the comments sections. It would require a lot of definitions and explanation.

Perhaps you have a particular example you are uncertain about. We'll be happy to comment on it if so.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Dear Teachers,
are "individually" and " one by one" the same when a teacher wants to ask the students to do a task without help?

Best regards

Hello Mohsen.k77,

There is a difference between individually and one by one.

When you do something individually, you do it by yourself rather than working in a group.

When people do something one by one, each person waits until the previous person has finished before they start. You could imagine the students standing in a line, waiting for their turn.

One by one can also refer to a set of tasks. For example, if students have a reading text and several tasks to do with it, a teacher might instruct them to do the tasks one by one, which means doing them in sequence. In other words, the studetnts should not start the second task until they have finished the first, and not start the third until they have finished the second.



The LearnEnglish Team

I want to ask if using possessive pronoun with noun after of can sentences like this? For example : (How do you know Karolina? Are you a "classmates" of hers?)

It is correct or need to be singular form for classmate?

Possessive pronouns substitute previously mentioned nouns (Karolina in your example) to avoid needless repetition.
Correct syntax to use:

'Are you (both) classmates?' (pl.) - you and Karolina

'Are you her classmate?' (sing.) - possessive adjective + noun

'Are you a classmate of hers?' - prossessive pronoun

Hello Backlight

The plural form is not correct here because you've used the indefinite article 'a', which is only used with singular nouns. But in general the 'of hers' form can be used with both singular and plural nouns. For example, if you were speaking to several people, you could say 'Are you classmates of hers?' to them and that would be correct.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,

I feel a bit of uncertain about the use of possessive pronoun of its when I am trying to copy this lesson's samples with "its".

Let's say, Ryan (It's me) and Vivian are both the owner of a little puppy named Tom, if it's all right to say:
1. Ryan is one of its owners (its–possessive adjective)
2. Ryan is an owner of its. (its–possessive pronoun?)
3. I am (She is/ Ryan is/ Vivian is) one of Tom's owners. (Tom's–possessive adjective)
4. I am (She is/ Ryan is/ Vivian is) an owner of Tom's (Tom's–possessive pronoun)

Are these expressions right? Especially for the 2nd one, I don't know how but it seems weird to me, how about you guys? Please help me out, thanks.

Hello doradosz
First of all, as a native English speaker you would be much more likely to use the appropriate gendered pronoun or adjective rather than the neutral one.
All of the sentences are grammatically correct, but the only one that does not sound odd to me is 3.
Hope this helps!
All the best
The LearnEnglish Team