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Possessives are forms that we use to talk about possessions and relationships between things and people. They take different forms depending on how they are used.

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how possessives are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Hello Michele,

Although it's not listed on our verbs followed by -ing clauses page, 'understand' is one such verb that is commonly followed by a verb in the -ing form. A possessive adjective such as 'his' (or, in some varieties, an object pronoun, e.g. 'him') can be used before the verb in -ing form to indicate who you're talking about, as in this example.

You could certainly say it with 'why he didn't get', but, as if often the case, shorter ways of saying things are often preferred.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Peter and Kirk,

Could you please assist me with below.
I am absolutely confused with usage of possessions with the names of the restaurants.

As I understood if an organization such as school, bank, hotel or restaurant got its name from someone’s family name, then possession must be used.
Example: Hilton’s hotel

But what if the name of the restaurant is Pool Bar or Rainbow.
What will be the correct question:

What are Pool Bar’s/Rainbow’s operating hours? Or What are Pool Bar/Rainbow operating hours?

On the same note could you please tell me if we need to use “the” before the name of the restaurant

Thank you very much in advance.

Hello Veronika,

I'm afraid there are no fixed rules for these kinds of names. Often the possessive form is used (e.g. McDonald's), but sometimes it is not (e.g. The Hilton Hotel).

If we are asking about the opening hours then we use the possessive form.

Restaurant names usually have 'the' before them (e.g. 'The Chef's Pantry') but this is not always the case (e.g. 'Hell's Kitchen').

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Peter,

Thank you very much for your reply.

Could you please let me know in which cases we don’t use possessions then.
It will really help me not to make grammar mistakes in the future.

Thank you very much


I'm too worried about for it, that how can i improve my communication skill :( can anyone hep me ??

Hi Kattty,

I'd recommend you look at our Help page, where you can find advice on how to use LearnEnglish to improve your speaking and listening.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Could you please help me how can I improve my English skills.

Hello Vaad,

There is practical advice on how to use LearnEnglish to improve your English on our Help page. Good luck, and let us know if you have a question.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi can someone tell me pls where can i be in touch with teacher Tom ?

Hello StrangeGr,

Could we help you with whatever it is that you wanted to ask teacher Tom?

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team