Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. We often use them to avoid repeating the nouns that they refer to. Pronouns have different forms for the different ways we use them. 

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how pronouns are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Soumis par Ei Thandar Kyaw le ven 13/08/2021 - 09:24

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Hello! I would like to check my answer from 'Discover your test' The question is The baby boy saw ... in the mirror and started to cry. I chose 'itself'. At that time I'm not sure.It is correct or not. Please kindly fix if my writing is wrong. Thank you in advance.

Soumis par Jonathan R le ven 13/08/2021 - 15:39

En réponse à par Ei Thandar Kyaw

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Hi Ei Thandar Kyaw,

I think himself is the most likely answer, since the sentence mentions 'boy'.

If the sentence was just The baby saw ... (without mentioning 'boy'), then 'itself' would be the best answer.

I hope that helps :)

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for your answer.It is very helpful for me.When I answer that question i didn't noticed 'the baby boy' i thought it was 'the baby'.Next time i must read the question very carefully.

Soumis par Imran 26 le mer 11/08/2021 - 16:54

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Dear Sir, Kindly explain me that, Mitigors & Intensifiers are Adjective of is that Adverb? I have read about in adjective section but I am still confuse to make sense about.

Soumis par Peter M. le jeu 12/08/2021 - 07:26

En réponse à par Imran 26

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Hello Imran 26,

Mitgators and intensifiers are adverbs which are used to make adjectives weaker or stronger, respectively. They are in the adjectives section because they are used only with adjectives and not with verbs or as sentence adverbs.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Peace95 le mer 28/07/2021 - 16:45

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hi, I have a quick question: 1. Which of these sentence constrauctions is the correct one? - Here it is/Here I am - Here is it/Here am I. 2. Is it correct to say "It's I" or should it be "It's me"? Thanks.

Soumis par Peter M. le jeu 29/07/2021 - 06:48

En réponse à par Peace95

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Hi Peace95,

The first sentence is correct. This is an example of inversion in which the adverb here is moved to the front, but there is no need to change the subject-verb order.

 

We say it's me not it's I. The same is true for other pronouns: it's him, it's them etc.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Tomi le mar 27/07/2021 - 22:14

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Hi, I'm a bit confused about the use of "I want to . . ." and "I wanted to . . " I sometimes hear people say "I wanted to" when they ought to say "I want to". For example, if you want to thank someone for his help, is it correct to say "I wanted to thank you for your help"? The fact is, you still (presently) want to thank him, so your desire to thank him is not in the past. Even if you have been thinking of thanking him since last week, you're still thinking of it today; so, it's in the present. In such a case, why would it be correct to say "I wanted to thank you" instead of simply saying "I want to thank you"?

Soumis par Kirk le mer 28/07/2021 - 08:08

En réponse à par Tomi

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Hello Tomi,

This is a great observation. You are right in thinking that 'wanted' really means 'want' in such cases. The reason people use a past form is because it is considered more polite.

Using a verb form that is more 'distant' in time from the actual time we are speaking about is one common way of being polite in English. So in this example, a past form is used to speak about the present. We use the past in this way particularly when expressing our desire to do something.

Another example is the use of 'would like' instead of 'want' -- 'would like' is more 'distant' than 'want' because it is more of an expression of a desire than a direct request. When, for example, people are at the counter at Tim Horton's, they generally say 'I'd like a coffee' instead of 'I want a coffee' to make their order because it is more polite.

Hope this helps you make sense of it.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Agape77 le mar 27/07/2021 - 21:50

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Hi LearnEnglish Team, If I want to ask someone to use a camera to take photos of me, what is the grammatically correct way to make this request? Is there only one correct way of making the request, or are there multiple ways of saying it? For example, is it correct to say: - Could you take me a photo? - Could you snap me a photo? - Could you take a photo of me? - Could you take my picture? Thank you.

Hello Agape77,

Native speakers would probably use your third option and often we say 'picture' instead of 'photo', though there's nothing wrong with saying 'photo'. In general, the phrase I'd recommend is 'take a picture of', but of course you could change other parts of the request. For example, instead of 'Could you take', you could say 'Would you mind taking' or 'Could I ask you to take'.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Agape77 le jeu 17/06/2021 - 15:55

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Hi, I have a quick question. If I put shoes on a child's feet, what would be the best way to say what I have done? Would it be correct to say "I wore him his shoes"? Thanks.

Soumis par Kirk le ven 18/06/2021 - 10:18

En réponse à par Agape77

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Hello Agape77,

We use 'wear' to talk about the clothing that a person has on their body. We usually use 'put on' to say what you mean: 'I put his shoes on' is what you should say here.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for clarifying. I have one more question: If I put shoes on the feet of an adult (e.g., an elderly person), would it also be correct to say, 'I put his shoes on?' Wouldn't that be ambiguous in the sense that it could also mean that I put his shoes on me rather than on him?

Hello Agape77,

The answer to both of your questions is 'yes': yes, that would be correct in that situation, and yes, it could potentially be ambiguous. If you wanted to make it completely clear, you'd have to say something like 'I put his shoes on to protect his feet' or 'I put his shoes on because mine were dirty'.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello LearnEnglish Team, 1. I learned something new from your reply to Agape77's questions above. You say it could potentially be ambiguous to say "I put his shoes on" because it could mean I put the shoes on him or on me. But can't we avoid that ambiguity by simply saying "I put his shoes on me" or "I put his shoes on him"? 2. What's the difference between "try and" and "try to". For example, which of these two sentences is grammatically the correct? -I will try to do my homework. -I will try and do my homework. When do we use "try and" as opposed to "try to"? Thanks. Tomi.

Hi Tomi,

In answer to the first question, yes, you could use the sentences you suggested. I was just imagining different situations that the sentences might come up in with my suggestions, but yours are perfect as well.

As for your second question, 'try to' and 'try and' mean the same thing, but 'try and' is more informal. In informal situations, it's also common to hear 'and' instead of 'to' after 'wait' (e.g. 'Let's wait and see what happens').

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Risa warysha le ven 12/02/2021 - 14:13

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Hello, the Team Could you please explain the difference of these words "great number", "vast number", "large number"? Are they the same? And can they be followed by "of plural noun"? If so, what will be the verb, singular or plural form? Thank you very much

Hi Risa warysha,

Those three phrases with number mean the same thing. They all show that the number is very high. Yes, they can be followed by of and a plural noun, and the verb is usually plural. Here are some examples:

  • A great number of people pass through the station every day.
  • A large number of trees are cut down every day.

Best wishes,

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Can we say "Great numbers of people pass through the station every day"? Or "the great number(s) of people consuming alcohol has declined"? Is the second sentence logic?

Hello Risa warysha,

These sentences are grammatical and so you could use them from that point of view. I would probably choose other ways to phrase them, though, though it really depends on the situation.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Sorry, sir So what is the difference of the usage of these phrases: "great numbers of", "a great number of" and "the great number of" Thank you, sir

Soumis par Jonathan R le mer 17/02/2021 - 15:29

En réponse à par Risa warysha

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Hi Risa warysha,

In many cases, several of these phrases can be used, with similar meanings. For example, we could say:

  • A great number of people pass through the station every day.
  • Great numbers of people pass through the station every day.

There's only a slight difference: the second sentence implies that the number of people may change (e.g. on different days, or at different times), because the plural (Great numbers) means that there is more than one measurement of the number of people. It seems to describe the situation more generally. In many cases, though, this difference may not matter, and you could use either phrase.

These sentences also mean pretty much the same thing:

  • The great number of people consuming alcohol has declined.
  • The great numbers of people consuming alcohol has declined.

But the first one seems like it's describing a specific survey result, because it mentions The great number (i.e. a single, particular number). The second sentence seems like it's describing the situation more in general.

Does that make sense?

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Samin le jeu 21/01/2021 - 05:32

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Hi team Kindly help about collective noun in the following sentences Japan is consists of many islands Here, consists of many islands - collective? He visited many countries of the world Is "countries of the the world" collective..or common- countries, world (both) World- common or proper?

Soumis par Peter M. le jeu 21/01/2021 - 08:11

En réponse à par Samin

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Hello Samin,

A collective noun is one which takes a number of items as a single unit. For example:

a crowd of people ['crowd' is the collective noun]

a group of children

a herd of cows

 

In your examples I do no see any collective nouns. The word 'consist' is a verb, not a noun. The word 'countries' is a normal plural noun, not a collective term.

 

The word 'world' is not a proper noun. 'Earth' would be a proper noun to describe our planet.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Yolanda le ven 30/10/2020 - 14:26

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Hello, I don’t really know the meaning of ‘optical house’. Could you help me, please? Thank you very much.

Soumis par Kirk le ven 30/10/2020 - 16:19

En réponse à par Yolanda

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Hello Yolanda,

I'm not sure, either, to be honest. Would 'optician's' make sense in the context you saw this phrase?

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Imran 26 le mer 10/06/2020 - 14:38

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Hi Sir, please explain me the difference between " deed and indeed " . thank you

Soumis par Kirk le jeu 11/06/2020 - 12:01

En réponse à par Imran 26

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Hello Imran 26

'deed' is a noun with a variety of meanings, whereas 'indeed' is an adverb that is used for emphasis or to express a reaction on the part of the speaker. Please have a look at the dictionary entries, and be sure to read through the examples. 

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par SonuKumar le ven 22/05/2020 - 08:58

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Sir, This is the life of which I can't make a living out. This is the life which I can't make a living out of. This is the life of that I can't make a living out This is the life that I can't make a living out of. I think only the first is correct and more usual. what do you think ? I hope you and entire team is safe and sound in this time of crisis and stay that way!

Soumis par Peter M. le sam 23/05/2020 - 07:28

En réponse à par SonuKumar

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Hello SonuKumar,

The second and fourth sentences are grammatically possible; the first and third are not. However, none of them scan particularly well and they would be better phrased in a different way.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I think this one is better. This is the life I can't make a living out of. Is there another way by which I can say the same thing in a more appropriate, better and usual way ?

Soumis par Peter M. le lun 25/05/2020 - 07:09

En réponse à par SonuKumar

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Hello SonuKumar,

I think something like 'This is the life I can't make a living from' might be better, but it's hard to say if it would be appropriate or even make sense without knowing the context and the style which you are aiming for.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, Thank you very much for your reply. I think the prepostion 'In' will also work here and another way to say the same thing is I can't make a living out of, from or in this life. But I got the point you made in the last comment about context. Thank you once again. Best wishes

Soumis par Jonsey le lun 01/02/2021 - 17:33

En réponse à par SonuKumar

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I can´t make a living from this life. However, to a native english speaker it is still strange. What exactly are you trying to express?

Soumis par Yerlan le jeu 02/04/2020 - 20:53

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Hello, dear teacher!!! Please, could you explain this simole sentence for me: I'm sorry but she's just kind of lost interest in buying the car. In this sentence where "she's" is "s" of has or is? and is "lost" participle or past simple(verb or adjective)? What elemet do normally follows after "kind of", i mean verb, adjective, noun?

Hello Yerlan,

In your sentence she's is a contracted form of she has. The verb lost is a past participle. Together this forms the present perfect (she's lost = she has lost), which is used because the action took place in the recent past and has a result which is relevant now (she owns a new car).

 

Kind of is a very flexible phrase and can be used before many different types of word:

He's kind of nice. [before an adjective]

He kind of ran away. [before a verb]

It's kind of a family tradition. [before a noun]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Hosseinpour le dim 29/03/2020 - 06:59

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Hello dear team, Please see these sentences. Are they true grammatically? A court is a place where people play tennis. That is the race which millions of people watch. 1992 is the year when the Olympics were held in Barcelona. You will never forget the day when you were born. Thank you

Hello Hosseinpour

Those are all fine -- good work!

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par SonuKumar le sam 15/02/2020 - 20:48

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Sir, I'd very much like me a shoutout on the Radio. I'd very much like a shoutout for me on the Radio. Or I'd very much like myself a shoutout on the Radio. I'd very much like a shoutout for myself on the Radio. Which ones are correct the two with 'Me' or the two with 'Myself' or are four of them correct ?

Soumis par Kirk le dim 16/02/2020 - 07:45

En réponse à par SonuKumar

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Hello SonuKumar

All of them could be acceptable in informal, non-standard English. I'd say the most correct one in standard English would be the second one.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Imran 26 le sam 16/11/2019 - 16:38

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Dear Sir, Pronoun and possessive pronounce are same things or it may different?

Soumis par Peter M. le dim 17/11/2019 - 08:32

En réponse à par Imran 26

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Hello Imran 26,

Pronoun is the name of one part of speech (type of word) in English. Possessive pronouns are one kind of pronoun, but there are many other kinds.

You can read about the various types of pronoun and how they are categorised linguistically, on the relevant wikipedia page.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pronoun

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Backlight le dim 20/10/2019 - 06:30

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Good Afternoon, Adjectives with '-ing' and '-ed' in this topic, I could not understand what is the difference between -ing and ed with the adjective. Can you provide some explanation and example for me to understand better? Thank You,

Soumis par Backlight le dim 13/10/2019 - 10:52

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Good afternoon, I am prefering to learn about grammar part and need to think myself which one is wrong and write the answer for the grammar question. In this case, you can provide some suggestion for me to improve my grammar skill and similiar to what i looking for? thank you

Hello Backlight

There might be some exercises here in our Grammar reference that would be similar to what you are looking for, but there are so many, I'm afraid I can't recommend specific ones to you. If I understand what you are looking for, the best thing would be to find a teacher who can help you, as correcting sentences that usually requires some explanation. But if you search the internet for grammar exercises, you might find some sites that would have what you are looking for.

Good luck!

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par amirfd le dim 09/06/2019 - 20:24

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Hello. When people eat, however, they often confuse or combine information from the tongue and mouth with what is happening in the nose. Can I replace "what is happening" with "the thing that happens"?