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Halloween

October 31 is Halloween and is now celebrated in many countries around the world, but do you know anything about the origins of this scary special day? Read the article and find out.

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The origins of Halloween

If you think of Halloween, you probably think of scary carved pumpkins, all kinds of fancy dress and children asking for sweets. And if you think of a country that celebrates Halloween, you probably think of the United States first. Americans and Canadians have adopted Halloween in a big way, but Halloween traditions actually come from 16th-century Ireland, Scotland and England.

The tradition of Halloween on 31 October comes from the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain. Samhain was the Celtic New Year and they celebrated it on 1 November because that was the end of summer and harvest time (life) and the beginning of winter (death). It was also the time for ghosts to return to earth for a day. People lit a big fire, wore special clothes made of animal skin and hoped to be safe from the ghosts and the winter. In AD 609, the Catholic Church put the Christian celebration of All Saints Day on 1 November. In AD 1000, the church added All Souls Day on 2 November, and All Hallows Eve – or Halloween – moved to the night of the 31st.

Pumpkins

The Celts carved faces into vegetables like turnips, potatoes and squash (a pumpkin is a kind of squash) to scare the ghosts and other spirits and make them go away. It was sometimes called a jack-o’-lantern because of an Irish story about a man, Jack. He played a trick on the devil and then had to walk the earth for all time as a punishment. Irish people who came to live in the United States in the 1800s found pumpkins much easier to carve, and the tradition became the one we see today.   

Fancy dress

The Celts were afraid of the ghosts that came on Samhain. If they went outside after dark, they covered their faces with masks. They hoped any ghosts they met would think they were ghosts too and would leave them alone. In early America, the Native Americans and the first Europeans celebrated the end of the harvest, but not Halloween. When Irish people arrived, the harvest festival started to look more like Halloween and it became popular across the country. In the late 19th century, people tried to make Halloween less about ghosts and religion and more about celebrating the season with a party for neighbours and family. That’s why Americans today wear all kinds of Halloween costumes and not just scary things like witches and ghosts like in other countries.

Trick or treat

This is another tradition that began in Europe, this time in England. When the church introduced All Souls Day, rich people gave poor people ‘soul cakes’, a small cake made with spices and raisins. It replaced the Celtic tradition of leaving food outside houses for the ghosts. ‘Going a-souling’ was popular in England for hundreds of years until about the 1930s. The Americans kept the tradition, but today children knock on people’s doors and ask for sweets. Going trick or treating is so popular that a quarter of the sweets for the year in the United States are sold for this one day.

The rest of the world

Halloween has become the United States’ second-biggest commercial festival after Christmas. Halloween is also celebrated in other countries, but it’s not as big as in the United States, even in the countries where the traditions began. Mexico celebrates the Day of the Dead from 31 October to 2 November and some of its traditions, like giving gifts of sugar skulls, are starting to mix with Halloween. In this way, the celebration of Halloween continues to change as new traditions join the oldest of the Celtic ones.

Discussion

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Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

No, I have never celebrate Halloween party.But, I have been seen this view in the TV series of "The Moon is embracing the Sun".

No, I don't celebrate Halloween, I have never wore a costume, this is a religion country and some people see that tradition like inappropriate, I don't care really to me it's just a party where adults hanging over there and take advantage to get drunk with friends there is how adults and Youngs celebrate here Halloween. I just enjoy watching decorations, fancy dress and some horror movies.

When I was a little girl, there wasn't Halloween in my country. But adults and childs celebrate this festival everywere now and this is gradually erasing the religious significance of the All Saint's Day.

Thank u for this interesting article..

I don't celebrate halloween. In Japan, halloween is for young people only, not for kids. Halloween became our traditional celebration just ten years ago. On halloween night, all young people gather at Shibuya, one of the most popular city in Tokyo, and just walk while drinking; or we go to Tokyo Disney land with a cute Disney character costume. No one care about their concept or history. Unfortunately, Halloween is just a crazy big party day.

No, I don't celebrate Halloween Day in my country. Nevertheless, this festival is very interesting. I hope I will have a chance to join the celebration if there is any around me.

No I don't . The best consume I have ever seen was " Mr President"

No. I don't. The best fancy dress I had ever seen is a typical one wore on rag day...just rag clothes to make a good funny combination.

I am from Brazil and every 31October I celebrate Haalloween,me and my friends go trick or treating in the neighborhood. We pick candies for 3 months,that is crazy! The best fancy dress that I saw in all of this years, was from my friend Rafael, he was like a zombie with a blood bank on the hand. I dont remembervery well, but it was very scary!

I don’t celebrate Halloween, it is not a special day for me and for people of my generation in my country.
But I can say that it is a fancy celebration between young people even in such country towns as my one and the possibility to make daily life more gaudy, colourful and interesting.
In our orthodox background we preserve the tradition to leave food for our deceased familiars on the tables of our kitchens in the night of the day when we use remembering them according to the orthodox calendar.

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