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Sport Scene 1

Ashlie and Stephen go to the gym to prepare for a half-marathon for charity. Who’s going to be better prepared?

Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video and do the first Task. Before continuing with the rest of the activities, watch the video again. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

Preparation

Think about the following questions:

  • How do you like to keep fit?
  • Have you ever participated in a race to raise money for charity?

Watch Stephen and Ashlie prepare for a half-marathon each in their own way.

Transcripts

Stephen: Ah, this is what I need.

Ashlie: You don’t need a tennis racket.

Stephen: What about this?

Ashlie: Stephen, you never play cricket! You certainly don’t need a cricket bat.

Stephen: What’s this?

Ashlie: I’ve got no idea! Come on. We need the running section.

Stephen: Ashlie and I are going to run a half-marathon. And this little beauty is going to help me do a really fast time.

Ashlie: Luckily, it’s not about running fast. We’re running to raise money for charity. If I actually can run twenty-one kilometres.

Stephen: Of course you can.

Ashlie: You’re right. Think positive – I am going to do it and I am going to raise lots of money. How many sponsors have you got?

Stephen: Well, I’ve decided to concentrate on the running, as that’s the most important thing.

Ashlie: Stephen! It doesn’t matter how fast you run.

Stephen: You’re only saying that because you know I’m much faster than you.

Ashlie: But I’m going to make the most money.

Stephen: Come on, Ash. Let’s buy this and get to the gym. We’ve got work to do.

 

Stephen: Have I done 10 kilometres yet?

Trainer: No, Stephen. You’ve only been going for five minutes.

Trainer: That’s better, Stephen. Maybe we can try something a bit harder next time. Anyway, next it’s the step machine and after that some weights.

Stephen: 10, 11, 12... 498, 499, 500… Hey, Ash. How’s it going?

Ashlie: Wow, Stephen. You are doing really well. Five hundred already.

Stephen: Yeah, and I’m only warming up really. I’m getting ready for a proper workout. Even my personal trainer’s impressed.

Ashlie: I heard there’s a medal for the person that gets the most sponsorship money.

Stephen: Ash, you’re not going to get round the race unless you start getting fit and working out. You need to treat this as a proper science.

Ashlie: Yes, Stephen.

Stephen: You’re not going to get a good time or even finish the race unless you start training hard.

Ashlie: I’m eating healthy food. I’m sure I’ll be fine.

Stephen: Ash, it’s 12.31. You’re distracting me. I’ve got a timetable to follow. I’ve got 500 press-ups to do and then weights.

Ashlie: I think I’ll sit over there and have a nice glass of juice. Oh, is that your personal trainer? I might see if she’ll sponsor me.

Ashlie: Hello. I’m running a half-marathon. Do you think you could sponsor me?

Trainer: Sure.

Ashlie: Great, thank you.

Stephen: Eight, nine, ten… Ashlie! Ashlie! Ash! Ash!

Ashlie: Stephen, are you OK?

Stephen: Yeah, can you just help me out?

Ashlie: Yes, I’ll just lift this bit.

Stephen: There must be something wrong with the machine.

Ashlie: Are you sure you’re all right?

Stephen: Yeah, I think I’m okay. But I might need a rest.

Ashlie: Oh dear, you poor thing. I’ll just put these away and I’ll meet you in reception.

Task 1

Task 2

Task 3

'Unless' means 'If ... not'. For example:

  • You're not going to finish the race unless you start training hard.

This means:

  • You're not going to finish the race if you don't start training hard.

exercise

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Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

Hello every teacher,

i have met a grammar problem about 'unless' and 'if not', which is from book 'Advanced Grammar in Use'

it says that we use ‘if not’ but not ‘unless’

No1 when we say in the main clause that an event or action in the if clause is unexpected:
for example, I will be amazed if Christie doesn’t win

I know in English that ‘unless’ is well used here because it highlights an exception to what is generally true, so it can’t be (I will be amazed unless Christie wins)

No2 usually in questions:
for example, if you don’t pass the test, what will you do?

It can’t be (what will you do unless you pass exam?). Because in question there is no certain result corresponding to the condition of ‘unless clause’, so it can’t be used in question

No3 when the ‘only if’ implication does not apply:
for example, if it wasn’t the best performance of Halmet I’ve seen, it was certain the strangest.

I can’t comprehend the reason why unless can’t be used in No3 example(what on earth does the situation ‘when the ‘only if’ implication does not apply’ mean?). And his example is a bit tricky.

The first part is second conditional, but the second part doesn’t have ‘would structure’. It is hard to comprehend accurate meanings of this sentence. At last, I want to know if my understanding about No1 and No2 is correct.

Hi bujingyun,

It's an interesting question! Let's start with 1 and 2, and then we'll see how 3 is a bit different. 

 

In 1 and 2, there is an action that will happen only if a condition is fulfilled.

  1. Christie doesn’t win = the condition; I will be amazed  = the result.
  2. you don’t pass the test = the condition; what will you do? = the result.

 

In both examples, the result will happen only if the condition is fulfilled. In other words, the result is entirely dependent on the condition being fulfilled. That's what the 'only if' implication mentioned in 3 refers to.

 

So, if 3 doesn't have an 'only if' meaning, what does it mean? It presents two alternatives. One or other of them must be true. So, the sentence means: 'Either it was the best performance of Hamlet, or it was the strangest'. Here, the two events are alternatives to each other (not a condition/result), and that's why there's no 'would' structure. Unless can't be used to present two alternatives like this, so if not is the only correct structure for this meaning.

Does that make sense?

 

I believe that your understandings of the first two uses are correct - but I don't have a copy of the book that you mentioned here with me, so I'm afraid I can't check all the details.

Best wishes,

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks you.
You answer makes me learn a lot.
The author of that book is Martin Hewings and published by Cambridge University Press. It includes many grammatical details.

I love sport, because it has loads of benefits , it helps me to boost my self esteem and focus on my studies , also it helps me to have a relaxing sleep without anxiety ...... etc . Actually the gym is a very important thing in my life .

hello, please explain to me, why is it in task 1 "Stephen's personal trainer promises to pay some money to charity if Ash finishes the marathon". I mean Ash might not finish the marathon, only participate in it but still get sponsored anyway because when she asked for it, the trainer said yes.

Hello quoc hung,

This kind of sponsorship is different from the sponsorship which a company uses for marketing purposes. When someone sponsors another person in a charity event they promise to give some money provided a certain goal is reached. For example, the trainer might promise to give Ashlie £20 if she finishes the half-marathon, or the trainer might offer £1 for every kilometre completed. Various forms of sponsorship are possible but they generally all require the person to achieve a goal if the money is to be paid.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

To stay fit, I like to walk 3 times in a week. I recommend to do this to everyone who read this sentences. I try to do 15km stepping in each time. Mostly I walk in the morning between 7.00 am - 9:30am. In summers as a sport I like to do swiming, climbing, white river rafting, a week stay and lodge in Olimpos Tree houses area.

Hello, guys, I dislike gym!
I hate doing weight because are unnatural movements, I prefer natural sports like swimming, football, boating etc...

Hello guyz, I don't like to go to the gym because it's an unfree sport movements ( unnatural )! Personally I think could be one of the easiest way to get fit but not the healthiest!