Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored and boring?

Look at these examples to see how adjectives ending in -ed and -ing are used.

I was really bored in that presentation.
That was a really boring presentation.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Adjectives that end in -ed (e.g. bored, interested) and adjectives that end in -ing (e.g. boring, interesting) are often confused.

-ed adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed generally describe emotions – they tell us how people feel.

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

-ing adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing generally describe the thing that causes the emotion – a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Have you seen that film? It's really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She's so interesting.
I can't sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Here are some adjectives that can have both an -ed and an -ing form.

annoyed annoying
bored boring
confused confusing
disappointed disappointing
excited exciting
frightened frightening
interested interesting
surprised surprising
tired tiring
worried worrying

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

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Soumis par mediafnc le lun 18/10/2021 - 17:17

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Learnt something new today - 'ed' adjective as the emotion and 'ing' as adjective to cause the emotion. Thanks.

Soumis par Zhanbolat le ven 12/03/2021 - 14:30

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I don't have any money. Would you add new exercises for poor people

Soumis par Maahir le mar 09/03/2021 - 20:57

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Dear learnenglish team, You're really doing great for helping us improve our English skills. But, I was just wondering how can I identify the lessons I have taken to avoid confusing about where I am.

Hello Maahir,

We don't keep a record of which pages have been visited or which tasks have been completed by each user. Perhaps one day we'll add this functionality, but for the moment you'll need to use your own memory or keep your own records.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Maahir le mar 09/03/2021 - 20:53

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Thanks for this. Such contents are really helpful and interesting.

Soumis par IMRAN HOSEN le dim 24/01/2021 - 18:33

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When the abj end with ed it's describe someone feeling or emotion and other think It's cause of emotion or feeling understand this think but some it's make me confusing.

Soumis par mostafa99 le dim 24/01/2021 - 04:32

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it was a really interesting lesson. Thanks a lot for it.

Soumis par Leila77 le mar 19/01/2021 - 09:31

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Clear explanation with many examples! Thanks for this lesson.

Soumis par Honey June le mer 13/01/2021 - 11:56

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This lesson is really great and helpful to me.I. clearly understand your explanations about the difference between "ed" and "ing". Thank u for your clear explanations.

Soumis par rational1 le dim 10/01/2021 - 17:29

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Hello! You said adjectives plus ed plus ing .So, the question is here , why there are some adjectives we do not add ed or ing for them? For example - ill , angry , sad and so on .Thanks .

Hi rational1,

The adjectives with -ed and -ing are made from verbs (e.g. bored and boring come from the verb bore; annoyed and annoying come from the verb annoy).

But not all adjectives are like this. Some adjectives aren't made from verbs, like the examples you mentioned.

Does that make sense?

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Ngu Wah le dim 10/01/2021 - 13:47

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I'm interested in this website that is very interesting for me.

Soumis par Theint Theint Phyo le mer 30/12/2020 - 03:25

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I really interested about this grammar.

Soumis par zeineb le mar 29/12/2020 - 12:48

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The lessens are very helpful, thank you very much.

Soumis par frknakgn le lun 21/12/2020 - 15:01

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Thanks for these explanations and exercises.You're helping too much students all over the world

Soumis par Hlaingbobo Win le mer 16/12/2020 - 05:29

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I think that " -ed" is for living and "-ing" is for things. Am I right?

Hello Hlaingbobo Win,

That's not quite right. You can use both forms with people and things.

The difference is this: adjectives ending in -ing describe how a person or thing affects others, while adjectives ending in -ed describe how a person or things feels or is changed.

That was a boring film. I didn't enjoy it.

Paul is interesting. I like listening to him

I have a broken computer so I can't send you the document.

Do you have a working computer? I need to send an email.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par vanessa Rodri le sam 12/12/2020 - 02:00

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Your lessons are the best, they never make me bored.

Soumis par LUIZ ANTONIO le dim 06/12/2020 - 15:58

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Thank you again, The Adjectives list is very helpful,

Soumis par zabiullah le dim 29/11/2020 - 17:21

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so confusing. sometimes i am interested in to do more tasks to keep our mind so much time...

Soumis par Rissa le mar 24/11/2020 - 02:55

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Thanks, British Council. The lesson is very helpful. But I wonder, Is there any list of adjectives that only use -ed or -ing?

Hello Rissa,

I'm not aware of any such list. In fact, I can think of many adjectives which are neither -ing or -ed, but very few adjectives which only occur in one form, such as hardworking. There are also examples where the -ing form is not an adjective at all, such as misunderstanding, and the adjectival form is a past participle (misunderstood - an irregular form rather than the regular -ed).

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Ayuloraine sit… le lun 16/11/2020 - 03:26

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so i was wonder about that end in "ed and "ing. is the adjective only for past?

Hello Ayuloraine sitanggang,

No, you can use these adjectives to speak about any time. It's usually the verb that indicates the time -- for example:

She was worried.
She will be worried.
She is worried.

Does that make sense?

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Khin Khin Htet le lun 09/11/2020 - 15:22

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After I read and practice, I was clear this pattern. BC's grammar explanation is really easy to understand for learners !

Soumis par June Pann Phyu le dim 25/10/2020 - 02:11

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I am really confused about this pattern before this time but now I am sure clear. Thanks a lot BC.

Soumis par Moon Wathan le jeu 22/10/2020 - 15:32

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I think lessons are short. I suggest to have many lessons in here because we need to do more to understand this topic.

Soumis par Nurieta le mar 13/10/2020 - 10:40

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I think lesson was short and very interesting!

Soumis par Wai Myo Aung le mar 13/10/2020 - 05:57

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I was interested in this lesson as it wasn't boring

Soumis par polina1526 le lun 12/10/2020 - 17:31

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This grammar rule seems quite hard for many language learners who often get confused which ending is needed. The explanation here is very helpful because it clearly shows not only the rule itself but also few examples of how to use it properly. And if you take the test that goes after the explanation, you will not have any troubles with adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing' again.

Soumis par CELSO JAYA CABRERA le sam 10/10/2020 - 00:33

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I love it, everything is so intersting. Thanks God.

Soumis par taha_subaie le dim 04/10/2020 - 07:42

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this is very interesting topic , i was confused before , but now it's crystal clear , thank you very much

Soumis par shawn peter ru… le mer 30/09/2020 - 09:23

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this subject was not boring and i was not bored this subject was interesting and i was interested this subject was not confusing and i was not confused, thank you very much

Soumis par SarRax le dim 27/09/2020 - 13:35

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These exercises were interesting and exciting! I was not bored!

Soumis par Sonia Carla le sam 26/09/2020 - 23:38

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Hi!!! I am very surprised about this page. It's realy good to study English. Learn a new language is very exciting!

Soumis par SergeySSSS le dim 13/09/2020 - 06:54

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I don't remember when I read the rule, but there writed (ing) use with not animated and (ed) use with alive somebody example like a man or an animal.