Delexical verbs: 'have', 'take', 'make', 'give', 'go' and 'do'

Level: beginner

We often use common verbs like have and take with nouns like a shower, a drink:

I took a shower. (= I showered.)
She had a drink. (= She drank something.)

We call these delexical verbs because the important part of the meaning is taken out of the verb and put into the noun.

We often put adjectives in front of the noun:

I took a cold shower.
She had a nice, refreshing drink.

The verbs used most frequently in this way are:

have take make give

have

We use have with:

  have ...
food and drink a meal, breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, a cup of tea
talking a chat, a conversation, a discussion, a talk
washing a bath, a shower, a wash, a scrub
resting a break, a holiday, a rest
disagreeing an argument, a dispute, a fight, a quarrel

I had a good breakfast before I left home.
We had a long talk about the problem.
The kids should have a bath before they go to bed.
She generally had a short holiday in July or August.
They had a serious quarrel about their father's will.

We also use have with nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should have a look at this.
She had a bite of the cake.
I'm thirsty. I'm going to have a drink of water.
I had a listen to that new CD in the car.
They are going to have a swim.

Delexical verbs 1: have

GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY1NTY=

take

We use take with:

washing a bath, a shower, a wash
resting a break, a holiday, a rest

I always take a cold shower in the morning.
You look tired. You need to take a break.

and with these words:

care
care of
a turn
turns
trouble
the trouble
a chance
a risk
a decision
a photograph

We took hundreds of photographs on holiday.
Jane always takes a lot of trouble with her homework.

We also use take with some nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should take a look at this.
Let's take a walk.
They are going to take a swim.

Delexical verbs 2: take

GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY1NTk=

Delexical verbs 3: have and take

Grouping_MTY1NjE=

give

We use give with:

noises a cry, a laugh, a scream, a shout, a whistle
facial expressions a smile, a grin, a look, a glance
hitting a kick, a punch, a slap, a push, a knock, a blow
affectionate actions a hug, a kiss, a stroke
talking some advice, an answer, some information, an interview, a lecture, some news, a report, a speech, a talk, a warning

She gave a loud laugh.
John gave a happy smile.
He gave me a nasty kick on the leg.
She gave the children a goodnight kiss and put them to bed.
I have to give a speech at the meeting tomorrow.

Delexical verbs 4: give

GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY1NjI=

make

We use make with:

talking and sounds a comment, an enquiry, a noise, a point, a promise, a sound, a speech, a suggestion
plans arrangements, a choice, a decision, a plan, plans, an appointment, a date

Try not to make a noise.
They made arrangements to meet the next day.

Delexical verbs 5: make

GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY1NjM=

Delexical verbs 6: give and make

GapFillTyping_MTY1NjQ=

go

We also use go as a delexical verb:

Shall we go swimming this afternoon? Or shall we go for a walk?
Mum and Dad have gone shopping.
We're going dancing tonight. Do you want to come?

We use go with -ing verbs for common activities:

We usually go walking at the weekend.
He goes running every evening after supper.
Mum's out. She's gone shopping.

We use go for a with verbs to do with moving:

a jog a ride a swim a run a stroll a walk

I want to get out of here. Let's go for a walk.
He's gone for a ride on his bike.

Delexical verbs 7: go

GapFillTyping_MTY1NjU=

do

We use do with -ing nouns to do with work, especially work in the house:

It's your turn to do the cooking.
You do the washing up and I'll do the drying.

and with other nouns to do with work:

I need to do a few jobs around the house.
I can't come out this evening. I have a lot of work to do.

We use do with nouns when it is obvious what the action is:

I'll have to do my hair before we go out. (= I'll have to brush my hair.)
Have you done your teeth? (= Have you cleaned your teeth?)

A question like

Have you done the car?

could mean

Have you washed the car?
Have you mended the car?
Have you put petrol in the car?

depending on the context.

Delexical verbs 8: do

MultipleChoice_MTY1NjY=

Delexical verbs 9: go and do

GapFillTyping_MTY1Njc=

Take your language skills and your career to the next level
Get unlimited access to our self-study courses for only £5.99/month.

Hello birds,

In general, it's important to use the correct delexical verb. There are some instances where there is more than one option (e.g. take a bath and have a bath are both used), and there are others where people might understand despite an incorrect delexical verb, but using the wrong delexical verb often could result in confusion - e.g. make a bath or go a bath might not be understood, or might be understood as meaning something else.

You selected the correct delexical verbs in the four sentences you wrote.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par dnationfly le mar 17/12/2013 - 06:13

Permalien

Hello Learn English team!

These are very good explanations but, unfortunately, I can't see the exercises because they are in flash and some mobile devices (the one of Apple) don't read it, is it possible to see them somewhere else with another program?

thanks!

dina

Hi dina,

At the moment, there is no way to view these exercises on devices that don't support Flash, but we are working on a solution to this problem. I can't make any promises, but we hope for this problem to be solved early in 2014.

We do have some apps developed specifically for iOS - these are on our Apps page.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par AliceHarumi le jeu 22/08/2013 - 22:10

Permalien

Hi!

Is there any difference between "We usually go walking at weekends" and "We usually walk at weekends" semantically? 

Thank you.

Hi AliceHarumi,

In most contexts the sentences mean the same thing.  The phrase 'go walking' strongly suggests a hobby or something you are doing (even if only once) for pleasure - walking because you want to walk.  The second sentence can have this meaning too, but it could also mean 'we walk at weekends rather than taking the car, as we do during the week'.

In your sentence 'go' is an example of what we call a delexicalised verb.  You can find more information, and some exercises, on this here.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par Piperacilina le mar 23/07/2013 - 19:08

Permalien

Hi guys,

Best wishes for you and thanks for a great job!!!

Although, I've been learning English for a while now, I can't help myself having questions every single day...... Today, I'd like to know what kind of expressions are: "Let's go get it" or "let's go eat" are they grammatically correct or on the contrary they ideally need a "to" to separate the verbs?

I would appreciate any further reference to read.

Thanks, in advance!!  

Hi Piperacilina,

Thanks for your feedback - it's always great to know that people appreciate our work! I think it's great that you have questions every day - this means you're really paying attention to the language, and though it might make you feel you know less than you do, this attitude will really help you learn English well. So keep it up!

As for your question, let's is used to make suggestions or give commands to a group of people that includes the speaker. It is followed by the bare infinitive, so saying "let's go" or "let's eat," for example, is correct.

When we say "let's go" plus another verb, we don't use to between the verbs. It is possible to say and (let's go and get some coffee), though to me it sounds more natural to combine the verbs with no word between them: let's go get some some coffee.

I'm sure you'll have more questions - you have them every day - and please don't hesitate to ask us again if you'd like to!

Best wishes,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par skinnypigeon le lun 22/07/2013 - 16:22

Permalien

Hello Learn English Team! My name's Ikrema and I'm from Pakistan. I was just wondering if you could please explain the use of "Make sb do sth for you" I've been through the examples given by OALD and it is pretty much clear to me but I'm a little confused about it because there is a teacher in our town that teaches B.A English. I happened to see one of his student's note book and here's the examples he used to explain the use of "Make". 1 "I shall make dad punish my younger brother" 2 "The teacher makes the principal punish students"
       It doesn't make any sense to me because I believe you can make your dad laugh or smile but you can't make him do something for you. Similarly I never knew if a teacher can make the principal to do something for him. Would you mind explaining it to me? Secondly he gave another example that goes, "The maid was made to clean the utensils" OALD shows "do the washing up" or "do the dishes" for this. I need to know if this (the example given by that teacher) could be correct by any chance. "the maid was made to clean the utensils" doesn't sound natural at all. Please explain how exactly we should say this.

Hello Ikrema,

Welcome to LearnEnglish. You've asked exactly the same question on another page. To save us time, could you please ask each question once only?

Thanks,

Adam

The LearnEnglish Team

Adam! I am so very sorry to have asked the same question twice. Since it was the very first time I'd ever been to this website, I didn't really know where to post my question. First I posted it on the home page then later, realizing I might not get it answered here, I did it here in the grammar section.

Dear Adam! I just checked, my question on the other page hasn't yet been answered. Is it because of the mistake I made of asking one question twice?

Hello,

Not at all! We're a small team here, trying to do our best for hundreds of thousands of users. We can't answer the questions as quickly as we'd like - and sometimes we don't have time to answer all of them. However, if you're patient you should get an answer eventually.

Best wishes,

Adam

The LearnEnglish Team

THANKS FOR YOUR ANSWER.

It seems to me, that using "to" after go is not that common when speaking. I've heard it very often nowadays. The last time was in a movie called scape from planet earth, where a kid says to his father " we need to go save him" it sounds weird to me, but seems to be ok...Do you think it would be good, if I start using those expresions without to after go?  

Hello Piperacilina,

The example you give is an example of colloquial/quite informal English which may not be appropriate in all contexts.  It's actually an example of ellipsis - missing out words that the speaker thinks are not necessary for understanding.  Think of the sentence like this:

We need to go (and we need to) save him.

It's quite common in speech, especially in American English, to miss out the 'and' when we use 'go' like this.  For example:

Just go (and) talk to him.

Look, go (and) think about it at home.

I think you should go (and) see the doctor.

 

It's certainly fine for you to use the structure this way.  Just remember that not all sentences with 'go' work like this.  Use it when there is a 'go and do something' structure and remember that it is quite informal and generally not used very often in writing.

I hope that answers your question.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

 

Soumis par TB01 le sam 22/06/2013 - 15:03

Permalien

Hi,

What is the difference between 'Who drank my coffee?' and 'Who did drink my coffee?'. When would you use these examples? Is the difference something to do with the object (coffee) itself? Thanks!

Hi TB01,

The difference is not to do with the object, but with how strong we want the sentence to sound.  It's possible to use auxiliary verbs in positive sentences to add emphasis, as in your second sentence.

If you were just asking the question normally, then you'd use the first sentence ('Who drank my coffee?').  If, on the other hand, you want to make the question more insistent - perhaps because you've asked several times and you still can't find out - then you might use the second question.  The meaning would be something like 'So, who really drank it, then?'

I hope this clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par tharaka123 le lun 03/06/2013 - 13:49

Permalien

I feel very happy today as I joined with this, really thank you very much, I can gain lots of thing from here to improve my English knowledge

 

Thanks 

Tharaka

Soumis par Grummy le ven 01/03/2013 - 02:36

Permalien

mi punctuation in excellent. i really like this activities in order to improve my english knowledge. to give better classes. i teach at home. isn't it great. '?

 bye see you soon. mateo's

Soumis par agakl45 le mar 20/11/2012 - 12:44

Permalien

Hi guys, what about "have a shower" instead of take. More often my colleagues used have (for shower only). Greetings from Poland :)  Aga

Hello Aga, and greetings from LearnEnglish!

You're perfectly right - in British English, we often use have a shower instead of take. Are your colleagues from the UK, or did they study British English?

Regards

 

Jeremy Bee

The LearnEnglish Team

Soumis par raphael196 (non vérifié) le sam 18/08/2012 - 14:18

Permalien

Use of Make or Do.. Help!

The software allows you do appraisals on cars and other.. or

The software allows you make appraisals on cars and other..

Which verb does one use in the above example.

 

Thanking you in advance

Rafa

Soumis par RuhiyyeResul le lun 30/04/2012 - 13:58

Permalien

Thanks so much, for the detailed review and exercises also

 

Soumis par mobini90 le jeu 19/01/2012 - 14:28

Permalien

Hi Adam

I have 2 questions.

The first one : 'make a decision' means 'to decide' what about 'take a decision'?

And the other question is : what's the difference between 'have an interview' and 'take an interview'?

Thank you in advance.

Best wishes

Mohammad