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Christmas Shopping

Beautiful Christmas window displays are one way shops get into the Christmas spirit. Amandeep goes to Fortnum & Mason to see the work that goes into the displays and find out more about Christmas shopping.

Task 1

Task 2

Task 3

In the documentary, the presenter uses the present perfect continuous: 'Fortnum and Mason has been selling the finer things in life for over 300 years.' We use this form to describe activities which started in the past and continue to the present moment.



Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


first time to exam my English reading skill level, i think my grammar need to learning more it.

well, I think that You should say:"our family have been living ... for nearly 200 years." because have lived point a fact that your familiy lived there 200 years ago but saying "have been living" emphasizes the continuity of the action in a period of time in this example since 200 years until nowadays.

Why can't we simply say: "Our family have lived in this village for early 200 years" instead of "have been living"?
And what's the difference between the two tenses?

Hi Alaa.82,

It is perfectly correct to use the present perfect simple in the way you propose. Both the simple (have lived) and continuous (have been living) forms indicate a past action that is somehow connected to the present.

Here, the difference between them is quite subtle and is a matter of emphasis on this connection with the present time. The simple aspect (have lived) is a general statement about the 200 years the family have lived in the village, whereas the continuous aspect (have been living) puts slightly more emphasis on the fact that they still live there.

Our page on the perfective aspect explains this a bit as well: .

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

It is very useful I like it.

 Department stores that put out Christmas decorations as early as September. The stress of Christmas shopping. Everywhere the message is spend, spend, spend. Christmas is a Christian religious festival, to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. It’s not just an excuse for making money. Replace with: midnight carols at church, peace on earth, and goodwill to all men.

nice to see the christmas shopping

Nice to see the christmas shopping So Excited

I feel very excited when listening and watching this video. It's useful to me. I've known Christmas in London. It is more exciting and amazing than Christmas in Vietnam.

It seems that I'm in week in English grammar.